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Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15

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Today: Oct 23, 2017

Annual Narrative Report (2010)

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Letter from Chairman of the Board of Directors:

On behalf of all members of the JCESR's Board of Directors, I am very pleased to present JCESR's annual report for 2010. The purpose of the report is not to celebrate the continuous delivery of high quality programs of human rights in Jerusalem, but also to list the accomplishments of our organization. Our efforts in challenging the Israeli legal system have no doubt played an essential role in helping the Palestinian population to maintain their steadfastness in the city, despite of all of Israeli measures and policies to depopulate Jerusalem of its Arab population.

The report also serves as an acknowledgment of thanks to our dedicated staff that has worked with vigor to accomplish JCESR's annual plan. A word of thanks also goes to our stakeholders and supporters who have made this year a success and the future bright.

Forward from the General Director of JCSER

Following its 14 years of experience in the field of human rights, we believe there is an urgent need to continue with our mission, because of what the Palestinian people are subjected to of escalated Israeli measures and policies. In 2010, Israel escalated its measures in the field of house demolition. It displaced around 175 Palestinians after demolishing their 29 houses. The authorities also demolished 20 other properties including economic installations, a fact that increased the economic burden of the vulnerable Palestinians, most of whom already live under the poverty line. (In 2008, 65.1% of Palestinian families and 74.4% of Palestinian children in Jerusalem live under the poverty line). Also, Israel escalated its policy of internal deportation during which the citizens had been deported from their residency places in Jerusalem. Moreover, Israeli authorities infringed the Palestinian's residency rights in Jerusalem when it revoked 191 ID cards. The measure came in conformity with the Israeli long strategy which is based on the two main principles of having as much Jews as possible in the city and at the same time having as less Palestinians as possible through manipulating all the laws and policies to make the life of Palestinians in the city intolerable. Meanwhile, the authorities continued to construct the segregation wall around Jerusalem to get rid of the Palestinians who are holders of Jerusalem ID. Within this context, Yakir Segev who is in charge of East Jerusalem Portfolio in Nir Barkat's municipality, announced on January 7, 2010 that the segregation wall was built for demographic reasons "to remove 55,000 Arabs from Jerusalem." According to JCSER estimates, there are around 20,000 pending demolition orders which means that there are around 120,000 individual Palestinians are living under imminent threat displacement from the city.

Meanwhile, Israeli authorities continued to extend the closure orders of Palestinian institutions, which were first shut down in 2001, despite Shimon Peres' letter to his then-counterpart, Norwegian Foreign Minister Johan Holst on October 11, 2002, in which he promised not to "hamper their activity" and to encourage their important mission. Consequently, there is a mounting urgent need for the services that are provided by the civil society organizations in order to respond to Israeli discriminatory policies in the city.

JCSER continues to have faith in its duty to respond to Israeli discriminatory policies and practices and to provide legal aid to victims of Israeli human rights violations in the city. There are several Palestinian and Israeli human rights organizations working in this field. However, JCSER is the leading specialized organization in Jerusalem that focuses on social and economic rights. Its role is important as the status of Jerusalem and its Palestinian population are unique by being the main target of the Israeli policies. However, because of its unique position and situation, Jerusalem needs special attention and approach. Therefore, JCESR and despite all the hardships and risks will continue with its mission to achieve a democratic Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital based on the international accepted and supported two state solution through political means. To that end, JCESR will continue to challenge the Israeli legal system; provide legal assistance to the Palestinian population; raise awareness to Israeli violations and abuses; and influence the decision makers to adopt the appropriate and needed position to secure human rights of Palestinians in their city.

JCESR's Mission, Vision, and Objectives:

Mission:

An independent, democratic and sovereign Palestinian state, in which all of its citizens enjoy their basic rights, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

Vision:

To protect and promote the social and economic rights of Palestinians in Jerusalem, in addition of the systematic challenge to the discriminatory Israeli legislation, regulations and practices, which violate basic Palestinian rights in Jerusalem. JCSER strives to achieve the maximum protection of individual and collective Palestinian rights in Jerusalem realizable under the circumstances of military occupation.

Objectives:

- To defend the existing individual and collective social and economic rights of Palestinians in Jerusalem against further erosion as a result of changes in Israeli policy and legislation, and ensure that these rights are not violated through arbitrary action by the Israeli authorities;

- To challenge and reduce institutional discrimination against the Palestinian community in Jerusalem and to expand the rights available to the Palestinian community in Jerusalem within Israels legislative environment;

- To collect and provide data about social and economic rights violations, discriminatory legislation, regulations and practices, and their consequences for the Palestinian community;

- To promote awareness among decision-makers and the general public, locally as well as internationally, about Israeli violations of Palestinian rights in East Jerusalem, and more broadly the fundamental incompatibility between Palestinian rights and Israeli military occupation;

- To empower the Palestinian community in Jerusalem to effectively challenge Israeli violations of their social and economic rights and to resist Israeli attempts to evict them or pressure them to leave their city.

- To monitor and document human rights violations against the Palestinian population in East Jerusalem.

- To provide legal assistance and representation, publishes scientific studies and research on social and economic issues, and raises public awareness. JCESR acts on the following issues:

Residency rights:

- ID Card confiscation;

- Family unification;

- Child registration.

Social security rights, including social insurance:

- Access to health services;

- Provision of allowances and social benefits.

Municipal services & municipality (Arnona) tax system:

- Arnona tax;

- Provision of equal services.

Building restrictions and illegal building

- Consequences of illegal building, including house demolitions, fines and imprisonment

Cases related to other Israeli violations

JCSERs Main Activities

- Legal representation and consultancy

- Data base

- Research

- Awareness Raising,

- Networking

- Policy formulation

- Media and information

JCSER's Board of Trustees

? Hanna Amireh, Chairman of the Board, journalist

? Dr. Raed Juneidi, Deputy Chairman, Head of Union of Jerusalem Physicians

? Aref Naser Eddin, Treasurer, activist in social and economic movements;

? Zahra Al-Khalidi, Journalist.

? Naim Ashhab, writer/journalist

? Mahmoud Shuqeir, writer.

? Azzam Abu Soud, Head of the Jerusalem Chamber of Commerce, Industry & Agriculture.

Background information about JCSER

The Jerusalem Center for Social & Economic Rights (JCSER) is a Palestinian non-governmental human rights organization based in Jerusalem. It was established in 1997 by lawyers and members of the Palestinian community of Jerusalem to provide legal assistance and representation to Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem subjected to discriminatory policies by the Israeli authorities.

JCSER fits in the context of Palestinian political strategies today. It makes use of the Israeli system to help Palestinian Jerusalemites survive in the city. It seeks ways to take the initiative to proactively fight discrimination and improve conditions of daily life in the short term without conferring political legitimacy on Israels illegal annexation of East Jerusalem.

The Center was developed from a local committee established in 1992 to support Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem unable to pay the Israeli Municipal Business and Property (Arnona) Tax. This committee, made up of local residents, started negotiations with the municipality and organized demonstrations and strikes. In 1994, the group took legal action against the Jerusalem Municipality concerning its discriminatory application of the Arnona Tax and requested that the Arnona classification be changed. This was the first time that Palestinian Jerusalemites negotiated with Israeli institutions and used Israeli law to deal with this type of systematic discrimination and injustice. The establishment of JCSER was the result of this grassroots effort.

JCSER is presently the leading institution specifically devoted to providing representation and other legal services on social and economic rights to the Palestinian community in Jerusalem. The overall goal of the Center is to achieve full equality of rights and opportunities for the Palestinians of East Jerusalem. Under the current circumstances of military occupation, it strives to achieve the maximum protection of individual and collective Palestinian rights by systematically challenging the validity of discriminatory Israeli legislation, regulations, and practices.

JCESR Main Programs:

1. Legal Program

2. Data Base

3. Research

4. Awareness Raising

5. Networking

6. Policy formulation

7. Media and information

1. JCSER Legal Program:

JCSER's legal program provides legal consultancies and representations to Palestinian population of Jerusalem who are facing Israeli forced displacement measures and policies. In 2009, the number of the Palestinian population in Jerusalem stood at 303,426 Arabs (36% of the entire population), according to statistics of the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, while the number is 382,041 living in Jerusalem Governorate according to estimates of the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.

Since the illegal occupation and annexation of the city in 1967, Israels objectives in Jerusalem have been to establish irreversible and exclusive control over the city. A framework has been created to integrate East Jerusalem into Israel and to separate it from the rest of the Occupied Territories. Policies have been implemented by the Israeli national and municipal authorities to ensure Israels domination, and to prevent possible re-partition of the city by creating territorial contiguity and ensuring a Jewish demographic majority. "Since 1967, Israel's leaders adopted two basic principles in their rule over East Jerusalem. The first was to rapidly increase the Jewish population in East Jerusalem. The second was to hinder growth of the Arab population and to force Arab residents to make their homes elsewhere." Amir Cheshin, Advisor on Arab affairs to the former Israeli mayor of Jerusalem Teddy Kollek.

In 1973, the Israeli ministerial committee, Gafni Commission, laid down the policy to keep the demographic balance in Jerusalem at a ratio of 70% Jews to 30% Arabs. However, according to estimates of the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, the Jewish population of Jerusalem is expected to drop from its current level of 66% to 50% by the year 2035.

Israel authorities are racing with time, as through their policies of creating new facts on the ground before entering any kind of political settlement related to Jerusalem. In practice, this has led to a range of measures designed to undermine and reduce the Palestinian presence in the city. They range from formal expulsion to more subtle measures designed to encourage Palestinian emigration. Various policies and practices discriminate against the Palestinian population, are interrelated and strengthen each other.

On its part, JCSER undertakes the task of challenging these policies through legal representation and consultancy, by exploiting the loopholes of the Israeli legal system. It also plays an active role in raising awareness on the local, regional and international levels with the main goal of pressuring governments of the world to urge them to exploit their influence on the Israeli government by pressuring it to reverse its discriminatory policies that target the Palestinian population of Jerusalem.

1-1 Legal representation

Legal representation tries to defend the right of Palestinian to stay in their city. From the outset, it has formed the essential core of JCSERs work and will continue to do so. In contrast to other occupation regimes, the Israeli authorities exert considerable effort to lend their violations of the rights of the indigenous Palestinian population an air of legality, in significant part to counter impressions that they achieve their goals by means of an arbitrary exercise of power. This context enhances the effectiveness of a strategy based on legal challenges, both because of the myriad of legal and administrative regulations whose validity and implementation can be contested, and because this strategy challenges the image of a lawful occupant which Israel consistently seeks to project to the international community, Israeli society, and even the Palestinians.

The initial and continuing emphasis on legal aid is a natural outgrowth of JCSERs mission and mandate. It permits the organization to provide individual Palestinians and the community as a whole with direct assistance on critical issues. This strategy has enabled the organization to establish a recognizable presence within the community, and to obtain vital data in the process.

It is worth mentioning that JCESR is the leading and unique center in occupied Jerusalem which provides legal representation to vulnerable Palestinian of the city, despite the costly needed budget. Costs of law suits in Israeli legal system vary depending on the nature of the case. There are some cases where the courts do not condition paying any fees while there are other cases were the fees for the courts are at least NIS 400. However, attorney fees differ from one office to another and it could range between $1000 and $10,000 in some cases. In 2009 alone, Jerusalem municipality collected around NIS 17,710,000 in construction fines only, knowing that thousands of Palestinians failed to pay their debts to the municipality because of their economic hardships.

In 2010, JCESR provided legal representation for 51 cases that tackled various issues pertaining to house demolition, national insurance benefits and family re-unification. More than 300 Palestinians benefited from JCSER intervention with the Israeli courts. Although in some cases of demolition orders, the legal representation did not succeed in cancelling the demolition orders completely, but at least it postponed their implementation, a fact that give more time to the beneficiaries to work on obtaining construction licenses.

It should be noted that it is very difficult and complicated for any Palestinian resident to obtain a construction permit from Israel's Jerusalem municipality. A fee of $25,000 - $30,000 could be imposed on Palestinian applicants for building permits, who have to wait for a period between 5 to 10 years before obtaining such permits. Also the approved permits by the municipality account for %5 of all applications in Jerusalem.

1-2 Legal consultancies

Through this activity, JCESR provided qualitative legal services by professional lawyers to the impoverished Palestinian population of Jerusalem who cannot afford paying legal fees. As part of this activity, JCESR provided legal, technical consultations and guidance on various daily life issues, including land ownership and confiscation, settlements, building and structural organization procedures, houses demolition, family reunification, child registration, ID cards revocation, taxes, mobility restrictions and other issues related to Palestinians' economic and social rights in Jerusalem.

In 2010, JCESR provided legal consultancies to 747 cases which benefited some 4500 Palestinians of Jerusalem.

Types of the provided legal services

Legal consultancies

747

Bargaining deals

59

Court representation

51

Total

857

1-3 Bargaining deals:

As it is noticed from the above table, JCSER was able to achieve a bargaining settlement in 59 cases, where there was no need to proceed with the court hearings, and consequently, saving additional court fees. The center estimates that some 350 Palestinians benefited for such a legal service.

1-4 Description of achievements:

In general, the program was able to protect the rights of more than 5000 impoverished Palestinians who suffer of various Israeli violations in the holy city. Nevertheless, in regards to recent escalation in Israeli measures against Palestinians, JCSER beliefs there is an urgent need to maintain this program, knowing that there are over 20,000 outstanding demolition orders against Palestinians buildings in East Jerusalem, according to the Municipality statistics, a fact that put some 120,000 persons under imminent threat of displacement.

1-5 Special cases:

1-5-1 Khader Abu al-Halaweh

On October 23, 2008, Israel's Jerusalem municipality applied to the Court of Local Affairs in Jerusalem to issue Khader Abu al-Halaweh a demolition order for his home which is situated in the Old City, according to article 212 of the Israeli Law of Planning and Construction. On its part, the Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights interfered by providing all the necessary documents that refute the municipality allegations. Nevertheless, the court issued a demolition order on October 29, 2009 which stipulated the implementation of the demolition within 60 days and obliged the house owner to pay for the costs in case the municipality workers executed the demolition.

However, after five sessions, the Central Court accepted on October 20, 2010 the center's appeal and cancelled the previous demolition order which was issued by the Court of Local Affairs.

1-5-2 George and Merriam Hananiya:

The Center's legal unit succeeded in retaining the residency rights of the Palestinian couple of Jerusalem, George and Merriam Hananiya who resides in the Old City of Jerusalem. They restored their Jerusalem Id cards after being revoked in 2006 on claims that they had shifted their center of life to Germany for seven years.

On May 11, 2006 the Jerusalemite couple received a note form the office of the Israeli Ministry of Interior informing them that their IDs had been revoked after obtaining the permanent residency in Germany. The ministry also ordered them to leave the country within one month. However, after appealing against the Israeli decision on December 20, 2006, the ministry sent another note confirming its previous position regarding the revocation of their residency rights.

On May 2009, JCSER's lawyer sent a letter to the ministry requesting the restoration of the IDs to the Palestinian couple. He also provided all the documents proving that the center of their life is in fact in Jerusalem and not in Germany.

According to Israeli regulations there is no possibility for restoring a revoked ID card in case its holder obtains the citizenship or the permanent residency right in another country. Meanwhile, the regulations stipulate that any person with a revoked ID card can retain it in case he returns to live in the country for two consecutive years.

Office of the Israeli ministry also requested information from the German emigration department regarding the legal status of the two couples.

On March 2010, office of the Israeli ministry of interior sent a letter to JCSER to inform it about its approval to re-issue the couple their ID cards. Consequently, on April 14, 2010 they retained their ID cards. According to lawyer Qadah retaining the ID cards will enable the couple to restore all of their social benefits namely the health insurance.

On his part, George Hananiyah said that he never lost hope in retaining his residency rights in his birthplace city. He also confirmed that his travel to Germany was for the purpose of receiving medical treatment.

1-5-3 Ibrahim and Zinat al-Kilani

Ibrahim al-Kilani was first reported to the center in June 2010 because he was under the threat of seizing his properties because of his accumulated debts on his building which was built on 57 sq. meters. Following JCSER's intervention in his case and after reaching a deal with the Jerusalem Municipality, al-Kilani is now no more living under the threat of seizing his properties.

According to the deal which was brooked by JCSER, al-Kilani paid the amount of debt which was reduced to NIS 600 in addition to the fees for the municipality's lawyer (NIS 820). Finally, the court decided to close the file against him after he had paid all of his dues.

2. Data Base

Since its establishment in 1997, JCESR has compiled a reliable data base about Palestinian human rights violations. However, due to the conflicting information about Israeli violations of Palestinian human rights, the center began to upgrade and develop its current data base to serve as a reference for all concerned people with human rights violations in occupied Jerusalem. In this context, the center introduced a modern and computerized system for documenting the Israeli violations.

In 2010, JCSER transformed 90% of data base to the new system, which is expected to provide accurate information about various issues of violations such as: Palestinian residency rights (ID cards revocation, family unification and child registration); social security rights including insurance (access to health services, provision of allowances and social benefits); municipal services and tax system namely Arnona property tax- provision of equal services; building restrictions and "illegal" building (house demolitions, fines and imprisonment).

The data base will help in tracking trends of violations and issuing special analysis. Consequently, it will help the center to prepare its periodic indexes of human rights violations and their trends.

The center also publishes some of the affidavits that were gathered by its researcher on its web site in addition to local media means, in an attempt to raise awareness of the local community to the recent developments of Israeli violations of Palestinian human rights. Meanwhile, the center will maintain its trends in issuing and publishing its monthly and special reports that document Israeli violations of Palestinian human rights in the occupied city.

3. Research

Research has always played an essential role in JCSER activities, both in terms of providing the data necessary for the preparation and implementation of the organizations activities in the courts, and for supporting the organizations public advocacy role.

Research topics were determined by the organizations program priorities. However, in general, they addressed issues of house demolitions, ID revocation, settlements, etc.

JCSER researches were made available to the public by publishing on the web site and media means. In addition to the monthly reports of Israeli violations in occupied Jerusalem, the center issued the following reports to tackle and shed lights on various issues of concern:

1. Al-Nakba report: on the occasion of the 62nd anniversary of the Palestinian Nakba (catastrophe), JCSER published a special report that included informative data about Israeli measures in the city.

2. Targeting Palestinian Tourist Guides' report. The report addresses Israeli polices and laws that target Palestinian tourist guides.

3. A special report about the municipal insistence on collecting taxes from Palestinians residing outside the segregation wall.

4. A special report about revocation of Palestinian ID cards since 1967 up until June 2010.

5. A special report about Israeli checkpoint surrounding Jerusalem.

6. A special report about Israeli settlement activities in the Jerusalem neighbourhood of Sheikh Jarrah.

7. A special report about Israeli efforts to Juadize Jerusalem.

8. A special report about Israeli measures in Isolating al-Isawiyeh village in Jerusalem.

It should be mentioned that according to the annual plan of 2010, JCSER, planned to issue four special reports, but because of the escalated Israeli measures, it issued the double of those projected special reports, in order to cope with the mounting violations that target the Palestinian population of Jerusalem.

Meanwhile, JCSER published two biannual reports about the status of human rights, which included the center intervention and responses to the soaring violations.

4. Awareness Raising

In 2010, the center continued with its efforts to create awareness on the local, regional and international levels through its publications, statement, releases, in addition to its various activities with organizations of the Palestinian civic society and the media interviews.

4.1. Conferences:

In 2010, the center participated in various regional and local conferences to raise awareness about the status of human right in Jerusalem. During the conference representatives of JCSER presented research papers,

4-1.1 International conferences:

1- JCSER participated in the United Nations International Meeting in Support of the Israeli- Palestinian Peace Process which was held in Istanbul on May 25 and 26, 2010 in addition of the United Nations Public Forum in Support of the Palestinian People which was convened on May 27 in the same city. JCSER representative presented a paper about revocation of Palestinians' ID cards in Jerusalem. The paper provided a brief history about the entire Israeli policy in the city since it felt under Israeli occupation in 1967. The paper was posted by then at the UN web site. It provided the audience with updated information and statistics about the issue.

2- JCSER presented a testimony before the UN Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of Occupied Territories which was convened in Cairo on June 9, 2010. The testimony was about Israeli measures and practices in occupied Jerusalem in general with a special focus on revocation of ID cards, child registration and family unification.

4.1.2 Local conferences and workshop:

1- JCSER participated in the brainstorming meeting to explore prospects of Jerusalem future, which was organized by Applied Research Institute Jerusalem, ARIJ, on June 10 in al-Bireh.

2- It also participated in the Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) 2011 Workshop Jerusalem, Ramallah, Jericho & the Jordan Valley, which was organized by OCHA on July 27, 2010.

3- The center also participated in a special meeting about the future of Jerusalem which was organized by the former minister of Jerusalem Affairs Ziad Abu Zayyad on June 3.

4- The center participated in Sunday's Cultural Saloon which was organized in cooperation with the French Consulate and the Jerusalem Press Club, about the future of education in Jerusalem

5- JCSER also participated in an educational day organized by the Islamic Christian Commission about the dangers facing Palestinian holy sites.

6- The center participated in a special open day which was organized by the Ministry of Local Government about the situation in Jerusalem. The event was convened in headquarters of the ministry in Ramallah.

7- A workshop organized by the Palestinian Ministry of Woman Affairs on July 4, 2010, about Israeli abuses and revocation of residency rights in Jerusalem.

8- A workshop organized by the Palestinian Ministry of Woman Affairs on July 14, to discuss the Sector Gender Plan for 2011 2013.

9- A workshop organized by Druze youth who refuse to serve in the Israeli army which was organized on July 24 in Beit Jan. Representative of the center presented a paper to brief the Druze community about the general situation of human rights in occupied Jerusalem.

10- A press conference at headquarters of the International Red Cross about the Israeli policy on revoking the residency rights of the Palestinian population of Jerusalem. The event was convened on July 29.

11- A workshop in coordination with the Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialogue and Democracy about skills of dealing with media means. The event was convened on October 7.

12- A workshop held in cooperation with the Palestinian Legislative Council about the legal pursuit of Israeli crimes in occupied Jerusalem which was convened on November 3.

13- A workshop held on December 8 in cooperation with the Arab Thought Forum to discuss the status of Christians in Iraq.

14- A workshop held on December 9 in cooperation with the YMCA about reinforcing the relation between Jerusalem institutions and the Palestinian professional organizations.

15- A workshop by the National Committee Against Deportation, which the center is part of. It addressed the Israeli violations of Palestinian human rights in Jerusalem. The event took place at the protesting tent of Palestinian legislators who are threatened with deportation from Jerusalem on December 9.

16- A workshop held on December 11 in coordination with Shu'aa Organization to discuss violence against women.

17- A conference about Christian Islamic dialogue convened in Bethlehem on December 14.

18- A workshop held in cooperation with the Palestinian Governmental Press Office on Dec 15 to participate in formulating the questions of the opinion poll about performance of the Palestinian government.

19- A conference held on December 16 18 in cooperation with the Center of Theological Center in Bethlehem to discuss the Islamic Christian dialogue.

4.2 Meetings with international delegations:

In conformity with the center policy of raising awareness on the international level, JCSER's director held the following meetings:-

a. A meeting with the political attach of the British Consulate on September 29, in which he was briefed on the general situation in occupied Jerusalem including the status of human rights.

b. An American delegation from a group of alternative tourism on October 24. He briefed them on the Israeli violations of Palestinian human rights in Jerusalem.

c. A delegation from the European Parliament on October 31. He held the meeting at the protesting tent which was erected in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Silwan which threatened with house demolition and settlement activities. The delegation comprised of 15 members. JCSER director briefed them on the Israeli policies that are targeting the Palestinian population in Jerusalem.

d. A Swedish delegation representing the International Organization for Defending Human Rights on December 8. He also briefed them on the general situation of human rights.

4.3 Meetings with scholars and researchers:

JCSER's director held the following meetings:

a. A meeting with Sam Kelly a student from Cambridge University on August 1, over the general situation in Jerusalem and violations of human rights.

b. A meeting with student Ala' Najeeb of al-Quds University on September 29. The student was preparing a research paper about revocation of residency rights of Jerusalem Palestinian parliamentarians and the connection with the recent elections of the Palestinian Legislative Council. The student was briefed about the human rights situation in Jerusalem. She was also provided with all the necessary documents and data.

c. A meeting with student Muhammad Khaled of Birzeit University on October 13. The meeting addressed Israeli settlement activities in occupied Jerusalem.

d. A meeting with student Wala' Dweik of al-Quds University on October 15. The meeting addressed Israeli of policy of revoking Palestinians residency rights.

e. A meeting with Dina Da'na of Birzeit University on October 17. The meeting addressed the awareness campaigns of the center and its relation with the media means.

5. Networking

In conformity with its belief that only consolidating collective acts and joint efforts are the best effective response to Israeli measures and practices in Jerusalem, JCESR help in establishing several coalitions and is already part of others such as:

- The Jerusalem Coalition against House Demolition;

- The coalition for the Defense of Jerusalem;

- The Coalition to Stop ID Card Confiscation from Palestinian Jerusalemites;

- The Coalition for Education;

- The Land Defense Committees.

6. Policy formulation

In 2010, JCSER co-organized three policy meetings which focused on the economic situation in occupied Jerusalem. The meetings were attended by several Palestinian businessmen and merchants in addition to a number of non-governmental organizations.

The meetings which were organized under the slogan: "How to Promote Jerusalem," discussed several means of supporting Palestinian merchants in the city.

The three recommended organizing an economic conference with the participation of experts, scholars, businessmen and politicians to discover ways for supporting Palestinian merchants boast their economy and increase their cooperation with their colleagues inside the green line.

The recommended conference which was convened on March 3, assigned JCSER to undertake the mission of providing legal support to the Palestinian merchants of Jerusalem.

7. Media and information:

7.1. Press releases

To meet its efforts to create awareness, the center issued 63 press releases which addressed various issues of concerns for the Palestinian population in Jerusalem. In its releases, JCSER attempted to provide consultancy and guidance over challenging and legally confronting the various Israeli policies. It also presented opinion of international law the Israeli positions and policies that target Palestinians in Jerusalem. Through its statements, JCSER called for urgent action and response on the local, regional and international levels. The statements were wildly published particularly in local press, namely al-Quds newspaper the most circulated paper in the Palestinian territories and on the various popular web sites.

In the coming year, JCESR plans to extend its networking base of local, regional and international coalitions by signing memorandums of understanding with several organizations.

7.2. Media interviews

As part of the center efforts to increase its influence on the decision makers and create awareness on the local, Arab and international levels, director of the Center held dozens of media interviews with local, Arab and foreign media. The interviews were distributed as follows:

8. Looking forward

According to the set plan for 2011, JCSER hopes to increase its legal assistance to the impoverished Palestinian population in the occupied city of Jerusalem by increasing the number of legal representation in courts.

Moreover, in addition to the regular monthly reports, the center will issue and publish at least four special reports, develop and upgrade its database and continue to issue its press releases in response to Israeli flagrant violations of Palestinian human rights.

In consent with the center policy to coordinate its efforts with other human rights organizations, it plans to sign additional agreements with counterpart organizations as part of its networking plan.

In addition, it plans also to boost its influence on the decision making process through organizing several policy meetings and will continue to participate in events and activities that help raising awareness regarding the situation of human rights in the Palestinian occupied city.