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Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15

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Today: Aug 22, 2017

Human rights violations in Jerusalem during November 2011

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Human rights violations in Jerusalem during November 2011
Prepared by: Research and Documentation unit
Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights.

First: Introduction

This report covers the Israeli violations of social and economic rights in occupied East Jerusalem during November 2011. The monitoring included the Israeli violations such as: confiscation of Palestinian lands, settlement activities, perpetuated atrocities against Palestinians that were committed by Israeli security and settlers against Jerusalem residents, demolition orders against Palestinian homes, in addition to the violation of the freedom of religion and desecration of Islamic holy shrines.

Second: Key issues

- The Israeli government decided to build 2,000 settlement units, planned 60,000 units over the next 20 years, while published tenders to build 800 units in Har Homa and Pisgat Ze'ev settlements which are established in occupied East Jerusalem. It also begins building 78 settlement units in Neve Yacov.

- Israel's Jerusalem municipality took over a plot of land in Silwan to convert it into a public park. Israeli authorities appropriated properties of Palestinian population in Jerusalem and issued orders to takeover two apartments belonging to Somreen family in Wadi Hilwa. They also issued a Palestinian family to evacuate its home in the Old City.

- Resumption of construction work in sections of the segregation wall in the vicinity of Shufat military checkpoint.

- Israel revealed plans to build a biblical garden on the eastern side of Mount Scopus, Mount of Olives and Issawiyeh. It also published a transportation plan to link Pisgat Ze'ev settlement with Neve Yacov settlement.

- Israeli authorities demolished one Palestinian home and razed lands in Mount of Olives. The authorities demolished also barracks and livestock pens in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Anbar in Zuaem. Also, they distributed demolition orders in al-Mukaber, Isawiyeh and Beit Hanina.

- The authorities arrested two children and extending the detention of another. They also remanded in custody the female journalist Isra Salhab and imposed a house arrest on a released prisoner.

- Employees of Israel's Jerusalem municipality raided a Palestinian store and confiscated the Turkish flag and pictures of the Turkish prime minister. In another incident, officials of income tax raided a Palestinian restaurant and confiscated its contents.

- Extremists Jews attacked the Moslem cemetery of Ma'man Allah in West Jerusalem.

- Israeli police banned the broadcasting of "Voice of Peace" radio in Jerusalem.

- Israeli authority revoked the residency rights of a Palestinian family on the pretext that part of their house locates in the west bank.

- Police attacked a street vendor and arrested his two sons. They also raided a Palestinian home in Ras al-Amud and arrested a youth. Israeli security guards attacked a Palestinian family inside court.

- Extremists Jews attacked a Jerusalem resident in Shmuel Hanavi. They also burnt an apartment occupied by Palestinians in West Jerusalem. In another incident, security guards of the light train attacked two youths from al-Siwaneh neighborhood.



Third: Settlement activities and confiscation of Palestinian properties

November observed mounting Israeli settlement activities, where the Israeli government adopted a series of decisions and ratified several plans. Within this context, Israeli government announced plans for building 2000 settlement units of which 1650 will be built in Jerusalem and the rest in Ghush Etzion settlement blocks. They are part of 60,000 units the Israeli Government said it will build in Jerusalem in the last twenty years.

According to Israeli reports, most of the land on which the new settlement units will be built locates in settlement established on occupied land in east Jerusalem such as: Pisgat Ze'ev, Neve Yacov and Gilo. Israeli authorities also approved building new 24,000 settlement units and approved 10,000 units in Silwan and the Old City environs.

On its part, Israeli Ministry of Housing published on November 15 it plans to build 814 new settlement units in Abu Ghneim (Har Homa) settlement south Jerusalem, and "Pisgat Ze'ev" north of the city. Three days later, Israeli government announced its plans to build a biblical garden on the eastern side of Mount Scopus, Mount of Olives and Issawiyeh. The plan bares number 11092/A and stipulates the confiscation of land locating on the slopes of Mount Scopus. The confiscated land stretches in the area around and below the Hebrew University from the north. Israeli government plans to convert them into national parks, nature reserves and sites for commemorating Jews in East Jerusalem.

According to the Israeli official announcement, the classification of these lands will be changed from building and public construction areas to national and biblical parks, a fact that will add more restrictions on the Palestinian construction in the area. The plan was published by the Jerusalem District Committee for Planning and Construction, set 60 days for lodging objections against it. The project is expected to connect the suggested park with the so-called Holy Basin area. The entire area is allocated for planning several settlement projects following the amendment of the zoning plan 2020 to become 2030.

Coinciding with this announcement, a transportation plan was revealed on October 18 to connect Pisgat Ze'ev settlement with Neve Yacov settlement and other Palestinian towns such as Beit Hanina, Shu'fat and Anata with Begin Street in West Jerusalem.

Meanwhile, Euro Yisrael Construction Co. began on October 20 the building of 78 settlement units in the settlement of "Neve Yacov," north of Jerusalem.

On the other hand, employees of the Jerusalem municipality took over a Palestinian land locating between al-Thori and al-Abasiyah which overlooks Wadi al-Rababa valley in Silwan. The municipality decided to convert the area into a public garden and parking lot. Director of Information Center in Wadi Hilwah, Jawad Siyam, reported to JCSER that the area of the land amounts to 850 sq. meters and is owned by a Palestinian family from Silwan and the Roman Orthodox monastery. He pointed out that the territory is adjacent to al-Thori Girls school. Siyam noted that the municipality has previously rejected a proposal for building addition classes for the school.

In a similar incident, employees of Jerusalem municipality raided on November 16 the land of Omar Yusef Heleisi which locates near the Dung Gate of the Old City. The employees removed the iron fence around the land, demolished it gate and uprooted several Olive trees.

November also observed the completion of the segment of the segregation wall in the vicinity of Shu'fat refugee camp to pave the way for inaugurating the crossing, a fact that will cause the isolation of 50,000 holder of Jerusalem ID behind the wall.

The reporting term also observed several attempts by Jewish settlers to seize Palestinian properties in the Old City and the Jerusalem neighborhood of Silwan. The settlers alleged ownership of the properties. On Nov. 14, an Israeli police force raided home of Somreen family in Wadi Hilwah in Silwan and handed its member Ahmad an order to confiscate his car and froze his bank account for the benefit of Elad Organization which is concerned with settlement activities in the area. The house consists of two 120-square-meter apartments that are occupied by 12 family members including children and elderly people.

Somreen reported to JCSER that his family possesses all the documents that confirm its ownership of the house and the land on which it was built. He noted that the house was built in the twenties of last century, while one dunum of the family land was confiscated in the past in order to build the so-called Center of David City's Visitors.

The department in charge of executing court decisions notified on Nov. 22 Hussein Hijo from Wadi Hilweh neighborhood to evacuate his home and store which, he had rented from Abu Diab family. The notification was a result of a court order to evacuate the property that is allegedly owned by Loyal Investment Co., which is registered in the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Caribbean Sea, which in turn, transferred the property to Elad organization. However, Abu Diab family denied any knowledge of transferring the ownership.

Also, family of Ghazi Zuhdi Zaloom received orders to evacuate his house that locates in Aqabet al-Khaldiyeh of the old city due to law suit which was filed against him by the so-called "Tzipora's Endowment," and Rabbi Meir Mazel who claims to be the ownership of the property.

Fourth: house demolitions

Jerusalem municipality of the Israeli occupation destroyed last month several houses and structures, in addition of razing more Palestinian lands in various locations in Jerusalem.

On November 2, Israeli bulldozers demolished a Palestinian house in Mount of Olive that overlooks the Old City and consists of two rooms, in addition of a barracks. Israeli authorities also uprooted several trees and leveled large areas of lands. Aziz Abdel Rrahman Zablah reported to JCSER that the demolition took place without any previous warning. He noted that this is the third time that Israeli authorities destroy structures in his land.

Last month, Israeli bulldozers demolished houses, barracks, tents and livestock pens belonging to Jahalin Bedouins, in Sheikh Anbar area of Zayem neighborhood East Jerusalem, inhabited with 40 persons. The properties belong to families of Mohammad Odeh Saedi Jahalin which is comprised of 12 family members, Khader Jahalin (5 members), Khalil Jahalin (10 members) and Nayef Jahalin (5).

Mousa Jahalin told JCSER field worker that the Israel military so-called "civil administration" issued before three months its orders to destroy his barracks on the pretext that it was build without its license, although the families efforts to obtain building licenses from the "civil administration" were to no avail.

Fifth: desecration of holy sites and violation of individuals rights

November observed more violations against holy sites and individuals rights which were perpetuated by settlers and Israeli security.

On Nov. 15, the Israeli authorities resumed the destruction of Moslem graves in the cemetery of Ma'man Allah in West Jerusalem to pave the way for establishing the so-called Museum of Tolerance among religions.

However, on Nov. 10, some extremist settlers desecrated the graves in that cemetery, and spray painted the words "price tag" which is a slogan used by extremist settlers following their racist attacks against and Islamic and Christian holy sites.

Meanwhile, a weak later Israeli police prohibited the broadcast of "Voice of Peace" radio in Jerusalem, after calling its financial director Mosheh Raz who was subjected to investigation for several hours and ordered him to stop the broadcast immediately.

Regarding the attacks against individuals, Israeli police attacked on the 2nd of Nov. Mahmoud Maswadeh, who owns a kiosk for selling falafel sandwiches near Damascus Gate in Jerusalem, before arresting two sons Asem and Samer and destroying his kiosk.

Moreover, Israeli police stormed the house of the Palestinian woman Najah Mesbah Jaber, 62, in Ras Alamoud, a fact that left her with sustained burns after the police threw sound bombs towards her. Also, the police attacked her son Hamed Ghazi Jaber, 30, before arresting him.

In another incident, the family of the detainee Shadi Zahdeh was attacked outside the Israeli Magistrates Court during his remand in custody. During the attack which took place on Nov. 21, the brothers of the detainee Fadi and Raji sustained fractures and bruises on various parts of their bodies. They were also detained for hours before being released on a bail of NIS 5000.

On Nov. 14, extremist Jews attacked a Palestinian cleaner in the West Jerusalem neighborhood of Shmuel Henavi while he was on duty. A similar attack perpetuated by settlers and the light train security members on Nov. 23 against the two Palestinian youths Ibrahim Muzafar and Nazeeh Oweiwei from Sowaneh neighborhood, east of the old city.

Both reported to JCSER that While we were in the train we got abused and called with bad words by radical Jews. After, we got off the train in Sheikh Jarrah we were followed by settlers who kept calling us with bad words. On his part, Muzafar said, I was attacked by the settlers with an empty glass bottle, and the train guards also attacked me and then we were handed over to the police who investigated with us for several hours before releasing us on bail.

On their part, Israeli Police and municipality employees raided on Nov. 10 a store in Iben Sina St. in Jerusalem and imposed a fine on its owner on the pretext of raising the Turkish flag and hanging pictures of the Turkish Prime Minister Reccep Tayyip Erdogan on the store. The municipality workers also removed the Turkish symbols.

In al-Rasheed Str. Israeli employees of the income tax stormed Ala Bali Restaurant which is owned by Shehadeh Mustafa Dkeidek, and confiscated all of its contents, after ordering him to pay his debt in taxed which amounted to NIS 40,000.

In another case, Israeli interior ministry informed Ammar Khalid Hasan Badriyeh who lives in Al- Matar neighborhood, about its decision to revoke his ID card, claiming that part of his house is located in the West Bank. He told JCSER, In March 2009, the Israeli National Insurance Institute cut its services to my family under the pretext that we do not live in Jerusalem." The institute also ordered him to pay back one million shekels in return for its provided services in the past 12 years. "I provided the institute with all the documents proving that I live within the Jerusalem boundaries, but it rejected the papers and insisted on its position," he said. Later, the institute brought the issue before court where I presented documents proving that 85% of my house locates within the Jerusalem boundaries while only 15% locates in the West bank boundaries, yet the Israeli court and the National Insurance insist on their position that I live outside Jerusalem. Consequently, the National Insurance deprived me of its services and medical treatment, knowing that my youngest daughter Eyan suffers from several health problems and needs permanent treatment in Israeli hospitals.

Badriyeh was born in Jerusalem's Old City, and lives in al-Matar neighborhood near Qalandya since 12 years in a ten-apartment building with his wife and three daughters: Wafa, 13, Qamar, 8, and Eyan, 4.

Sixth: arrests:

In November, Israeli authorities increased it arrest campaigns especially among children. The authorities also arrested journalist Esra Salhab, correspondent of Al-Quds TV satellite channel. On Nov. 22, Israel police arrested the two children: Omar Amer Abu Madi and Alaa Salah Abu Madi, both 11-year-old, after storming their houses in Silwan.

The police arrested also 8 boys from Silwan while they were on their way to school in Silwan. They were held for investigation on charges of throwing stones at Israeli soldiers and settlers for several hours.

On Nov. 14, Israeli Magistrate Court extended the arrest of four Palestinians in Jerusalem for one week and remanded in custody for one week the female journalist Esra Salhab.

Meanwhile, Israeli authorities put on Nov. 24, the ex-prisoner Tareq Issawi and restricted the movement of ex-prisoner Sana Shhadeh of Qalandya refugee camp.

Seventh: conclusions

November monthly report concluded to the followings:

1. Israeli authorities confiscated more Palestinian lands in Jerusalem and published tenders for building hundreds of new settlement units on confiscated Palestinian lands.

2. The authorities continued with its policy of house demolition, leveling Palestinian lands and the threats to take over more Palestinian properties in the Old City and Silwan.

3. The authorities escalated its violation and desecration of holy sites.

4. The month observed an increase in the attacks that targeted Palestinians on racist grounds. It also observed an increase in the police and settlers violence.

5. The authorities maintained its policy of silent deportation and ethnic cleansing against the Palestinian population of Jerusalem.

Eighth: Recommendations:

As long as the applicable law in the oPt consists of the following:

- United Nations Charter

- General Assembly resolution 2625 (XXV) - Illegality of any territorial acquisition resulting from the threat or use of force.

- Right of peoples to self-determination.

- International humanitarian law.

- Regulations annexed to the Fourth Hague Convention of 1907

- Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 - Applicability of Fourth Geneva Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

- Human rights Law.

- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

- Convention on the Rights of the Child

- Relationship between international humanitarian law and human rights law

- Applicability of human rights instruments outside national territory.

- Applicability of those instruments in the Occupied Palestinian Territory,

JCSER calls upon:

The Israeli government:

1. The Israeli government:

- To put an end to its violations of international laws and Palestinian peoples right to life.

- To stop land confiscation, appropriation of Palestinian properties and house demolition.

- To halt its violation of religious freedom, desecration of holy shrines and stop raiding Palestinian holy sites.

- To respect freedom of expression, halt its breaches of the freedom of press freedom and stop targeting Palestinian journalists.

- To end detention particularly against children.

- To stop its ethnic cleansing policy, racial discrimination against Palestinian people and to remove whatever hinders the Palestinian practice of their political and economic rights.

- To honor GCIV particularly in treating Palestinian political prisoners and respect their rights as prisoners of war.

- To stop settlers atrocities against Palestinians of Jerusalem.

2. The international community

- The high contracting parties to GC's should "undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the present convention in all circumstance."

- All countries that have diplomatic relations with Israel are called to exploit these relations tp pressure the current Israeli-right wing government to end its practices that contravene with the international humanitarian law. They are called to embrace all of their available means to secure the end of the lengthy Israeli occupation.

-All international institutions that are concerned with human rights should maintain the zealous efforts on the level of their governments to push them to expose Israeli occupation violations of Palestinian human rights in additional to hold those responsible for the violations before court.