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Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15

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Today: Aug 22, 2017

Human rights violations in Jerusalem during the month of December 2011

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Monthly report

Human rights violations in Jerusalem during the month of December 2011

Research and Documentation unit

Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights

Introduction.

Israeli occupation authorities violated several Palestinian human rights in occupied Jerusalem during December 2011. The breaches included land confiscation, settlement activities, house demolition, desecration of holy sites, arrest campaign and torture, in addition of violation of other social and economic rights.

Key issues.

Finishing construction of street # (20), and the declaration of plans to build 650 new settlement units in Pisgat Ze'ev.

Israel revealed a plan to build National Park on Mount Scopus on an area of 734 dunums of Issaweyeh and Mount of Olives lands.

Fourteen new settlement units approved Ras Alamoud.

Preparation underway for constructing headquarters for an Israeli military college on Mount Scopus.

Approving plans to building 17 settlement units at the old police headquarters in Ras al-Amoud, 23 units in Ma'ale Ha Zeitim settlements which was established in Ras al-Amoud, in addition of approving news 130 settlement unit in Gilo settlement.. Israeli authorities also published tenders to construct more than a thousand settlement units in 3 Jewish settlements locating in occupied Jerusalem.

Israel publish plan for building 8 thousands new settlement units in occupied Jerusalem.

Uprooting dozens of olive trees in Issawiyeh and Za'yem.

Mayor of Israel's Jerusalem municipality suggested giving up Israeli control over some Palestinian neighborhoods in Jerusalem.

Israeli preparation to deporting 28 thousand Bedouins to Abu Dis.

Leveling parts of Palestinian land in Issawiyeh.

Speed ??up construction in the segment of the separation wall in Shufat camp.

New demolition orders issued against Palestinian homes in Silwan and Mount Scopus.

Israeli authorities ordered a Palestinian citizen to demolish his own house in al-Thouri, while they demolished two houses in Beit Hanina and Silwan. On its part, the so-called Civil Administration demolished one house in al-Jeeb. The military destroyed several Bedouin tents, barracks and structures in Jerusalem.

Israeli Jerusalem's municipality stopped the Palestinians from repairing Ras al-Amoud mosque.

Extremists Jew set fire in a mosque west Jerusalem.

Dozens of settlers stormed al-Aqsa Mosque and perform some rituals in it.

Extremists Jews attacked Palestinians in the Old City.

Israeli police arrested 15 Palestinians in various parts of Jerusalem.

Israeli authorities deported member of the Palestinian Legislative Council Ahmad Atoun to Ramallah.

The police deported for three days a Palestinian boy from his house in Jerusalem.

Extremists Jews attack a Palestinian young in West Jerusalem on racist grounds.

Israeli authorities extending the closure of 4 Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem.

First: settlement activities

Israeli government and its Jerusalem's municipality published in December 2011 their plans to build thousands of new settlement units. Within this context, Jerusalem municipality's Planning and Construction committee approved in December the construction of 650 new settlement units in Pisgat Ze'ev north Jerusalem as a part of a general project to build 58,000 settlement units. It includes building commercial areas, public institutions and settlement units.

The approval of new settlement units coincided with the completion of constructing a new bridge that connected Pisgat Ze'ev settlement with Moda'in -Tel Aviv road number 443. The new way which bares number 20 will divide Beit Haninah's old town and confiscate large areas of its territories.

It is worth mentioning that the Israeli government had approved the construction of Road # 20 in August of 2005 and allocated a budget of NIS 80 millions.

In mid November, Jerusalem municipality began building a road to connect the northeastern districts of the city with Menachem Begin Street, to buttress the Jewish control on the Palestinian land in those areas.

Also, the Planning and Construction Committee published on December 6 its plan to establish a national park in Mount Scopus to encircle and isolate the area together with Issawiyeh. The plan will lead to the confiscation of dozen of dunums of Palestinian lands which might pave the way for building new settlements in the future, as was the case in various parts of Jerusalem which the Israeli authorities converted national parks to settlements.

One day after, the same committee approved the construction of 14 new settlement units in Ras-al-Amoud to establish the new settlement called Maale David to the east of Ma'ale Zeitim settlement.

On December 9, Planning and Construction Committee approved a plan to build 17 settlement apartments at the former Police station in Ras al-Amoud. Two days later, Israeli authorities published a new project to build military colleges that will accommodate 400 students and 130 teachers in the new National Security College. It also includes building a Library on 3 dunums of land and a publishing house.

By the end of December, the committee approved another plan for building 23 new settlement units near Ma'ale David.Settlement which was established in Ras al-Amoud.

In its turn, the Israeli Housing Ministry published new tenders for building more than one thousand settlement units in Har Homa Settlement which was established on the Palestinian lands of Abu Ghnaim.

It is worth mentioning that about 8 thousands new settlement units will be built in the coming five years, according to Israeli media sources. Three thousands will be built in Giv'at Hamatos Settlement, south Jerusalem and 1600 units in Ramat Shlomo Settlement which was build on Shu'fat Hill.

On December 28, Planning and Construction Committee municipality ratified building 130 new settlement units at in Gilo Settlement in addition of a tourism complex and parking outside Dung Gate of the Old City.

The construction project in Gilo includes building 3 towers that consist of 12 floors each, while the tourist complex includes a parking with the capacity of 250 cars.

On the other hand, Israeli bulldozers uprooted on December 23 dozens of olive trees belonging to Palestinian residents of Issawiyeh village, north East Jerusalem.

In conformity with the settlement activities, Jerusalem mayor suggested the abundance of the municipality control over Palestinian neighborhoods which locates outside the segregation wall where more than 70 thousand Palestinians currently live.

According to the suggestion the municipality responsibilities for those neighborhoods would be transferred to the so-called civil administration, which means that Palestinian residents of those neighborhoods face the danger of losing their residence rights in Jerusalem.

Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barakat has always express interests getting rid of Palestinian neighborhoods that locate behind the segregation wall. His ideas were first made public by his senior adviser for East Jerusalem affairs Yair Segev two years ago.

By then JCSER, received several complaints from Palestinians residents of those neighborhoods regarding the new policy of the municipality. They complained that the municipality refrained from collecting 2011 taxes on the pretext that their houses locate outside the segregation wall.

JCSER warned that the municipality new policy meant the first step towards depriving the Palestinians who live outside the segregation wall from their residency rights in Jerusalem. This issue could be justified with the municipality official, Yair Segev who stated two years ago that the purpose of the building the segregation wall is to get rid of holders of Jerusalem ID cards who live behind the wall.

Segev is now in now the consultant of Jerusalem mayor for East Jerusalem affairs. He stated on January 7, 2010 that the construction of the separation wall was for demographic reasons such as getting rid of 55,000 Palestinians who hold Jerusalem ID cards. However, mayor Barakat said that the purpose of that plan is to get rid of 70,000 residents only. According to available information to JCER that number of Palestinian who faces the threat to lose their residency rights in the city is about 125,000 persons who live behind the separation wall.

Since the second Palestinian intifada, holders of ID cards who live behind the wall have not received the municipal services. This is the case with the Palestinian neighborhoods of Kufr Aqab and Samira Mees, where Israel's Jerusalem municipality stopped locating budgets for their services.

In this context, Director of JCSER Ziyad Hammouri warned from the ramifications of halting the public services in those neighborhoods, in regards to their residency rights and other economic and social rights.

Second: house demolition

December observed more demolitions of Palestinian houses in Jerusalem, including the demolition of homes by their owners in compliance to Israeli occupation orders. In this context, Israel's Jerusalem municipality ordered on December 4 the Palestinian citizen Osama Shweiki to demolish his own house in the Jerusalem neighborhood of al-Thouri under the pretext of building it without license.

Reporting to JCSER, Shweiki said the municipality issued him an order to demolish his house, four years after building it in 2005. However, when he appealed to the court the demolition order was postponed for three times. He was also fined with NIS 96,000. By the end of 2011, the Israeli court decided to demolish his house which was built on an area of 96 dunums. The Israeli act caused the displacement of his 4-member family.

On December 5, Israeli bulldozers razed two Palestinian houses in Beit Hanina and Silwan, while on December 12, the bulldozers demolished an additional building belonging to resident Cesar Adnan Aqel, under the pretext of building without license.

The same day, Israeli bulldozers demolished a barber shop with an area of 30 sq. meters, which was leased to Sufyan Hadyeh by Miysar Najeeb. The structure was built a year ago and added to a licensed building.

Moreover, Israeli bulldozers demolished on December 5, home of Magdi Mostafa Salaymeh for lacking construction license. The house area was 50 sq. meters with a garden of 100 sq. meters. It was occupied by 6 individuals including 4 children. According to Salaymeh, the authorities demolished the house over most of its furniture. The house was built before six years. He estimated his losses to stand at NIS 200,000.

Also, the Israeli bulldozers of the so- called "civil administration" demolished two houses in Al-Khalayleh quarter in al-Jeeb village northwest Jerusalem. The first belongs to Khamees Mohammad al-Dadou and was built on an area of 100 sq. meters square. It was occupied by a family of 8 members including 6 children. The second belongs to Samir Yousef Mabroukah and was built on an area of 75 sq. meters and occupied by a family of five including 3 children.

According Mabroukah, the house was built in 1999. The house owner confirmed that he received the demolition order only before one week. He estimated his loses at NIS 130,000.

On the other hand, Israeli bulldozers demolished four barracks in Zi'ayem belonging to Khader Odeh Mousa Sa'idi, Mohammad Odeh Mousa Sa'idi, Khalel Odeh Mousa Sa'idi and Nayef Odeh Mousa Sa'idi. The area of each barracks was about 100 sq. meters used to house more than 30 persons. The authorities also demolished a livestock pen with an area of 850 sq. meters.

In addition, Jerusalem municipality, under pressures of the Israeli right-wing, ordered the halt of renovations of Bilal Mosque in Ras al-Amoud.

Third: desecration of holy shrines

December observed several atrocities against the Palestinian holy sites with raids, burning and desecration. On December 22, dozens of settlers stormed al-Aqsa Mosque and performed rituals in its courtyard under the protection of Israeli police. The settlers repeated their storm to premises of the mosque on December 26. They also attacked some Palestinian residents of the Old City.

On its part, Israel's Jerusalem municipality closed Dung Gate's bridge which leads to the mosque on the grounds that it is going to collapse.

On December 14, extremist Jewish settlers set fire in Okasha Mosque which locates in West Jerusalem. They also painted insulting slogans to Prophet Mohammad.

Fourth: other violations

Other violations of Palestinian human rights in Jerusalem in December included deportation, detention, extension of closure orders of some Palestinian institutions, in addition of the atrocities against the Palestinian residents.

By the beginning of December, Israeli authorities extended the Closure of 4 Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem. The victim institutions of the Israeli closure policy are:

Shuaa: an organization concerned with women empowerment and social development.

Jerusalem Foundation for Development: a charity development organization that provides assistance to the impoverished Palestinians.

Sa'ed Foundation: an organization concerned with educational issues and provides services to schools and students in Kufur Aqab.

Action without Borders Foundation: A professional organization that provides job opportunities for unemployed young men and women through electronic networks.

On the other hand, Israeli authorities deported on December 6 member of the Palestinian Legislative Council Ahmad Attoun to Ramallah. The decision to deport the Palestinian parliamentarian from his home in Jerusalem to Ramallah came in conformity with reviving the policy of deportation, which JCSER warned of a year ago that Israeli occupation authorities intend to deport hundreds of Palestinian national figures from Jerusalem.

JCSER warned earlier that the deportation of MP Mohammad Abu Teir earlier this year to Ramallah after his arrest for several months, as well as the temporary deportation of the Secretary of Fatah Movement in Silwan Adnan Ghaith came within the context of this newold Israeli policy. In concord with this policy, Israeli authorities ordered the former Minister of Jerusalem Affairs Khaled Abu Arafeh, and MP Mohammad Totah to hand themselves to the police. JCSER asserted that this policy violates international norms and covenants, particularly because Palestinians under international humanitarian law are protected persons.

According to Ziad Hammouri of JCSER, in the past two years, Israeli authorities also implement deportations within the Jerusalem boundaries or to inside the green line. In this regard, Israeli authorities resort to deport Palestinian residents from their homes in the Old City in order to prevent them from entering al-Aqsa Mosque on particular. Among the deportees: political and activists, clerics, academic, students and security guards of al-Aqsa Mosque.

In conformity with the deportation policy, Israeli authorities deported Alaa Nidal Zughayar, 16, from his home in the Old City for three days. Earlier, he sustained fractures in the face and nose after being brutally attacked by Israeli Border Guards in al-Wad Street in the Old City.

Reporting the incident to JCSER, Zughayar said: At 17:10 p.m. on December 22, while I was going to my grandfathers house in al-Wad in the Old City, I saw a group of people being chased by Israeli soldiers. I didnt realize what was going on so I continued to walk towards my grandfathers house, but when members of Israeli Border Guards approached me, one soldier hit me on the head with his rifle baton. However, when I felt on the ground other members of the patrol attacked me and beat me violently without any mercy. I saw one man trying to rescue me from the soldiers, but he was also beaten. Later, I lost conscious and suddenly found myself in an ambulance and there was a soldier guarding me inside the car. Then, I realized that I was under arrest. The ambulance transferred me to the emergency department in Hadassah Hospital in Ein Karem. There, the doctors diagnosed fractures in my left hand, as well as bruises all over my body. Afterwards, I was transferred to al-Qishleh police station near Jaffa Gate. My father attended my interrogation during which one of the soldiers accused me of throwing a coca cola can on him. However, after I denied all charges, I was released me on bail in addition of prohibiting me from entering the Old City."

Conclusions

1st. December observed continuous Israeli settlement activities during which more settlement units were approved and announced in occupied Jerusalem, although under international law it is prohibited to transfer citizens of the occupying power to occupied land.

2nd. Israeli authorities also maintained its policy of house demolition against Palestinian residents, a fact that pushed more Palestinian to forced displacement. The authorities also ordered some Palestinian to demolish their houses by their own.

3rd. Meanwhile, Israeli atrocities and desecration of Palestinian holy shrines continued in December.

4th. The month observed other violations such as arrest, deportation and torture of Palestinian by extremist Jewish settlers.

Recommendations:

As long as the applicable law in the oPt consists of the following:

- United Nations Charter

- General Assembly resolution 2625 (XXV) - Illegality of any territorial acquisition resulting from the threat or use of force.

- Right of peoples to self-determination.

- International humanitarian law.

- Regulations annexed to the Fourth Hague Convention of 1907

- Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 - Applicability of Fourth Geneva Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

- Human rights Law.

- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

- Convention on the Rights of the Child

- Relationship between international humanitarian law and human rights law

- Applicability of human rights instruments outside national territory.

- Applicability of those instruments in the Occupied Palestinian Territory,

JCSER calls upon:

Israel (the occupying power) to:

- Put an end for its breaches to international human law and the Palestinian people right to housing.

- Halt its settlement activities, appropriation of Palestinian land and the policy of demolishing Palestinian house.

- End the breaches of the Palestinian right to religion, desecration of Palestinian holy shrines and enable the Palestinians the free access to their religious sites.

- End the systematic policy of ethnic cleansing and the racial discrimination against the Arab Palestinian people and to remove all the obstacles before enabling the Palestinians to political and economic self-determination.

- Halt the policy of targeting Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem, put an end to the policy of banning social and cultural celebration, storming and closing the Jerusalemite institutions and to revoke its earlier decision to close Nidal Community Center and other closed Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem.

- Stop targeting Palestinian religious and political figures with interrogation, arrest and deportation from Jerusalem.

Palestinian Authority:

- To maintain its respected efforts to enable the Palestinian people to exercise they self-determination, emancipate from the yoke of occupation and to establish the independent Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.

- To continue with its diplomatic efforts on the international level to pressure the occupation to halt its practices and polices that breach the international law in Jerusalem in general against religious shrines in particular.

- To condition the return to the negotiation table with the Israeli government complete halt of its breaches of the international norms and laws particularly in the field of settlement activities, violations of Palestinian human rights and the infringements of religious and civil freedoms.

The International community:

- The high contracting parties to Geneva conventions should "undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the present convention in all circumstances."

- All the states which have diplomatic relations with Israel are called to exploit these relations to pressures the occupation government to end its practices that contravene with the international humanitarian law. This could be done by resorting to various available means to reach the end of Israeli occupation in the Holy City and the entire Palestinian territories which were occupied in 1967.

- The international community should condition signing agreements of cooperation and association with Israel with its respect of international norms, laws in addition to Palestinian rights including the right to self determination on their land.

- All international institutions that are concerned with human rights should maintain the zealous efforts on the level of their governments to push them to expose Israeli occupation violations of Palestinian human rights in additional to hold those responsible for the violations before court.