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Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15

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Today: Oct 23, 2017

Israeli violations of Palestinian human rights in Jerusalem February 2012

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Prepared by:

Research and Documentation Unit

Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights

March 5, 2012

Introduction:

The report covers Israeli violations of Palestinian social and economic rights in occupied Jerusalem during February 2012. The violations included the desecration of Palestinian holy sites, restrictions on movements, house demolition, arrest campaigns and physical abuse which were perpetuated by Jewish settlers and Israeli police.

Key issues:

Israeli killed one Palestinian youth while protesting against the continuous desecration of holy sites.

Israeli authorities continued to desecrate Islamic holy shrines by imposing the tourism program against the will of the Islamic Waqf which is in charge of sponsoring the site. As part of the program, Israeli police allowed Jewish settlers to tour the area. Meanwhile, the authorities published plans to build commercial and housing projects on lands belonging to the Armenian monastery.

Israeli bulldozers demolished four houses, 3 barracks, 2 retaining walls and 2 fences. They also razed lands in Silwan and demolished Wadi Hilweh protesting tent. The authorities also handed new demolition orders to 10 Palestinian residents of Silwan.

The authorities approved plan to build a settlement center (Giva'ti) in Wadi Hilweh, south of al-Aqsa Mosque.

Israel arrest campaigns continued in Silwan, Issawiyeh and the Old City of Jerusalem.

The authorities also renewed the closure of two Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem.

First: violation of the right to life

In violations to the basic right to life, Israeli authorities used lethal weapons to kill one Palestinian demonstrator who was protesting against the continuous desecration of holy shrines by extremist Jewish settlers.

During the incident which took place on February 24, Israeli Border Guards shot in the chest the Palestinian youth Tal'at Ramya, 25, in al-Ram village, north Jerusalem and injured five other protesters.

Ramya, who sustained serious injuries but announced later dead of his wounds in Ramallah hospital. During the confrontations with Palestinian protesters, Israeli soldiers used tear gas canisters and rubber-coated metal bullets.

Second: desecration of holy sites

a. Atrocities against Islamic sites

In February, Israeli authorities continued with its desecration to the Islamic holy shrines, particularly, the Noble Sanctuary (al-Haram al-Sharif). In conformity with this policy, Israeli authorities continued to impose the so-called tourism program against the will of the Islamic waqf which is in charge of sponsoring the site.

On February 9, Israeli soldiers raided the courtyard of al-Aqsa mosque as part of the so-called tourist program that the Israeli police imposed on the Islamic Waqf, which banned tourism since the notorious visit of the Israeli ex-prime minister Ariel Sharon to the area in 2000.

Palestinian worshipers tried to prevent members of the Likud right-wing party from storming the area with their provocative visits on February 12, however the police responded by closing the main gates to the Islamic shrine and put restrictions to the Palestinian freedom of access to the area.

On February 14, Israeli police attacked the worshipers and beat them with their rifle batons, in addition of firing tear gas canisters. Consequently, 40 worshipers suffered of gas inhalation.

In another incident, Israeli Special Forces raided the courtyard of the Noble Sanctuary on Feb. 19, attacked the worshipers and arrested 18 of them, in addition to 4 Palestinian women who tried to confront a group of extremist settlers during their desecration of the Moslems holy shrine. In the following two days, Israeli police imposed tight restrictions on access of Moslem worshipers to the mosque.

b. Atrocities against Christian holy sites:

Atrocities by extremist Jewish settlers did not save Christian holy shrines. Within this context, and as part of the so-called price tag, extremist Jewish settlers painted racist graffiti on walls of the Greek Wadi al-Maslabeh monastery which locates in West Jerusalem.

* Greek monastery in West Jerusalem

The incident took place on February 7, when extremist Jewish settlers painted racist slogans on walls of the monastery such as "Death to Arabs, Death to Christians." They also punctured two cars belonging to the monastery.

In another incident, extremist Jews painted racist slogans on wall of the Baptist Church in West Jerusalem on February 20, and damaged three cars belonging to the church.

Third: settlement activities

As part of the non ceding settlement activities, Israeli authorities published on February 7, plans to build commercial centers and housing units on a piece of land belonging to the Armenian monastery in the Old City.

* Armenian monastery land on which the Israelis construction project is planned.

Meanwhile, the authorities continued with its excavation and diggings of a tunnel near al-Cotton Cave (Solomon cave) which locates between Damascus and Herod gates of the Old City. At the same time, Israeli authorities proceeded with their construction project inside and outside the cave in an attempt to completely Juadize it.

* Al-Cotton Cave which Israel calls Zedekyaho's Cave

Moreover, Israeli authorities mandated the Jewish Quarter Development Company to supervise the implementation of the settlement project which includes building new residential buildings, hotels, commercial center, public facilities and underground parks to accommodate 600 cars. The project will be established on area of 18,000 sq. meters.

The project includes also digging a tunnel to connect the underground park with the entrance of Dung Gate. According to the plans, the tunnel will pass under Nabi Daoud Gate which locates to the south of the Western Wall of the Old City. The tunnels will be linked to the network of tunnels that stretches under and in the vicinity of al-Aqsa mosque.

It is believed that the project will boost tourism to the Western Wall by providing them with additional accommodation.

The location of the new construction project is about few meters away from the Synagogue of Destruction which was inaugurated before two years in the Old City. It is also adjacent to the al-Disi and al-Omari mosques (Abdallah Ben Omar) in addition to some Christian's holy shrines.

In another venue of the Old City, Israel's Jerusalem municipality announced a plan to build a "commercial center and private park" on lands owned by the Armenian monastery. The announcement of the new project coincided with the ban imposed by the municipality on residents of the Armenian Quarter from using an old park belonging to the monastery. The residents who protested against the municipality were forcibly dispersed by the Israeli police.

The area of the monastery land on which the project will be established equals 4 dunums, while the planned park building will face al-Disi Mosque.

Fourth: house demolition

In February, Israeli occupation authorities demolished four Palestinian houses, three barracks, two fences and two retaining walls in various parts of the Holy City.

On February 9, Israeli Bulldozers demolished the home and barracks of Iz Eldin Abu Nijmeh which locate in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Bet Haninah. Israeli bulldozer also demolished one barracks belonging to Shweiki family in al-Jeeb.

Abu Nijmeh said in his report to JCSER that he had built his house before two years on an area of 100 sq. meters to shelter his four- member family. He noted that the current demolition is the fourth since 1995. However, he stressed that neither the municipality nor the so-called civil administration did notify him about the demolition.

In another location, in al-Khalayleh neighborhood of al-Jeeb, Israeli bulldozers demolished one barracks and removed the iron fence that surrounds the land of Talal Shweiki.

On February 13, Israeli bulldozers demolished home of Ahmad Mohammad Naser al-Baghdadi which locates in the Jerusalem neighborhood of al-Siwaneh. The area of the house is 85 square meters and consists of two rooms and used to provide shelter to four family members.

Reporting the incident to JCSER, al-Baghdadi said that Israel's Jerusalem municipality rejected his two requests to license the house, on allegation that the land on which the house was built had been confiscated for public interest. He added that in 2008, the municipality imposed on him a fine of NIS 200,000 shekels, and he already paid more than half of the amount.

On the same day, the municipality and Nature and National Parks Protection Authority demolished the main entrance to Wadi Hilweh playing ground in addition of a barracks and the protesting tent.

Owner of the razed land Ahmad Atallah Siyam reported to JCSER that his land was razed for the first time in 2008 and was able to obtain a decision for the Supreme Court to stop Israeli diggings under his land, however the decision was ignored and they continued with their diggings, which caused some cracks in the main street and nearby houses.

* Ahmad Atallah Siyam demolishes his own house.

It is worth mentioning that several barracks were also demolished, including the one which was used as offices for the Cultural Club of Wadi Hilwah Information Center.

The same day, Israeli bulldozers demolished part of the cement wall and barbed wires, in addition to the gate of Samir Frouji's land which locates in al-Siwaneh neighborhood of Mount of Olives.

Israeli bulldozers also demolished on the same day one room, one wall and destroyed construction rocks in Wadi Yasoul area near Silwan belonging to Iyad Shweiki.

On the other hand, Israeli authorities issued on February 10, new demolition orders to Palestinian residents of Silwan. During the delivery of the orders, family of Abdel Razaq Siyam was attacked and beaten. Israeli police also sprayed the Palestinian youth Maher Siyam with pepper gas.

One member of Siyam family, Hamoudeh, told JCSER that the Israeli forces destroyed the gate of his house, and called him with bad words before handing him the demolition order.

On February 27, Israeli bulldozers demolished two houses in Jaba belonging to the two brothers Ahmad and Mousa Ka'abneh.

Fifth: arrest campaigns

Israeli Authorities proceeded with its arrests campaigns and atrocities against the Palestinian residents of Jerusalem especially children.

Within this regard, members of the Israeli Special Forces raided on February 2, home of Tariq Isawi in Isawiyeh village. During the raid, Israeli police attacked and beat members of the family on allegation that they obstructed the arrest of Palestinian youths. Among the victims of the police attack, mother and sister of the released prisoner Samir Isawi, who sustained injuries and transferred to hospital. During the police raid, three Palestinian youths were arrested.

The same day, Israeli police also stormed Silwan village, attacked some Palestinian and arrested the child Qays Mofeed Obeidat, 14.

On February 15, Israeli soldiers beat Yaser Munayer of Wad el-Joz in front of his children while he was taking them to school.

Sixth: closing Palestinian institutions

Israeli authorities extended on February 18, the closure period of Silwan Welfare Society and the Islamic Club for one year.

* Silwan welfare society

The order was signed by the Israeli General Police Inspector and the organization. According to the order, the two institutions will remain closed until the first of February 2012. Israeli police claimed that the two institutions affiliated with Hamas.

Conclusions:

February observed the killing of one Palestinian protester and continued the desecration of Islamic and Christian holy sites which were targeted by settlement activities. During the month also, Israeli authorities announced new settlement plans. Meanwhile, the authorities continued to implement policy of house demolition in various parts of the city in addition of issuing new demolition orders.

Moreover, Israeli authorities continued with their arrest campaigns which were accompanied with attacks against the Palestinian population of Jerusalem.

Recommendations:

As long as the applicable law in the oPt consists of the following:

- United Nations Charter

- General Assembly resolution 2625 (XXV) - Illegality of any territorial acquisition resulting from the threat or use of force.

- Right of peoples to self-determination.

- International humanitarian law.

- Regulations annexed to the Fourth Hague Convention of 1907

- Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 - Applicability of Fourth Geneva Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

- Human rights Law.

- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

- Convention on the Rights of the Child

- Relationship between international humanitarian law and human rights law

- Applicability of human rights instruments outside national territory.

- Applicability of those instruments in the Occupied Palestinian Territory,

JCSER calls upon:

Israel (the occupying power) to:

- Put an end for its breaches of international human law and the Palestinian people right to life and housing.

- Halt its settlement activities, appropriation of Palestinian land and the policy of demolishing Palestinian homes.

- End the breaches of the Palestinian right to religion, desecration of Palestinian holy shrines and enable the Palestinians the free access to their religious sites.

- End the systematic policy of ethnic cleansing and the racial discrimination against the Arab Palestinian people and to remove all the obstacles before enabling the Palestinians to political and economic self-determination.

- Halt the policy of targeting Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem and to honour Shimon Peres' letter to the Norwegian Foreign Minister John Holst on October 11, 1993, in which he promised not to "hamper their activities" and to encourage their important mission.

The International community:

- The high contracting parties to Geneva conventions should "undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the present convention in all circumstances."

- All the states which have diplomatic relations with Israel are called to exploit these relations to pressures the occupation government to end its practices that contravene with the international humanitarian law. This could be done by resorting to various available means to reach the end of Israeli occupation in the Holy City and the entire Palestinian territories which were occupied in 1967.

- The international community should condition signing agreements of cooperation and association with Israel with its respect of international norms, laws in addition to Palestinian rights including the right to self determination on their land.

- All international institutions that are concerned with human rights should maintain the zealous efforts on the level of their governments to push them to expose Israeli occupation violations of Palestinian human rights in additional to hold those responsible for the violations before court.