Photo Essay

Please wait while JT SlideShow is loading images...
Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15

mod_vvisit_counterThis week12830
mod_vvisit_counterLast week24306
mod_vvisit_counterThis month44790
mod_vvisit_counterLast month62009
mod_vvisit_counterAll days4351353

We have: 39 guests online
Your IP:
Today: Nov 17, 2018

Israeli violations of Palestinian rights in January 2010

Print PDF

Monthly Report

Prepared by: Documentation and Research Unit

Jerusalem Center of Social and Economic Rights


This report documents the Israeli occupation violations against Palestinian social and economic rights in occupied Jerusalem in January 2010. The monitoring process covered most Israeli violations during the month which included: demolitions of Palestinian homes in Jerusalem, freedom of religion and desecration of Moslems holy sites, freedom of individuals and restrictions on the free movement, land confiscation, intensifying settlement activities in the holy city and the continued abuses by Israeli police and settlers against Palestinian Jerusalemites.

According to the report, there was a significant increase in the size and intensity of those violations, particularly in the field of freedom of religion, settlement activities and land confiscation which entirely amount to 40 violations.

The report in brief:

House demolitions: Two Palestinians were forced to demolish their homes in Mount of Olives and Silwan by their own. The Israeli Ministry of Interior ordered the demolition in Mount of Olives while the Municipality ordered the Silwan demolition on claims that they were built without licenses. Both owners of the houses were obliged to demolish their houses on their own because they couldn't afford paying fees of demolitions or paying more fines. The Municipality's demolition squad demolished part of a Palestinian home locating in Jaba' village, north-west Jerusalem. Meanwhile, Israel's Jerusalem Municipality issued new five demolition orders against Palestinians homes in Silwan and one demolition order for a Palestinian home situated inside the Old City. Moreover, the Municipality imposed a fine of NIS 36,000 against one Palestinian resident of Silwan on claims of building without its consent. In Issawiyeh village, the Municipality turned down the appeal of the residents to cancel 35 demolition orders. However, it approved a temporally freeze on the demolition of one Palestinian house in Jerusalem.

In regards to appropriation of Palestinian houses in Sheikh Jarrah, Israeli court adjourned hearings of al-Sabbag family's case until April 22.

Settlement activities: Israeli authorities issued orders to confiscate 70 dunums of lands belonging to Palestinians in Wadi Hilwa and Silwan which are subjected to intensive settlement activities. Meanwhile, Israeli authorities published plans to establish two settlement enclaves, one in Ras al-Amud and the other in Mount of Olives in addition of constructing a new settlement in Shu'fat. Within the same context, occupation authorities began to construct a new bypass road to connect the two settlements of Neve Ya'acov and Bisgat Ze'ev with road no. 443 on the expense of Palestinian lands. Moreover, the Municipality decided to establish a pool for purification inside the Israeli settlement which situates in Ras al-Amud. In another aspect, construction works began in the rail way that connects between Ma'ale Adumim and the eastern envelope. However, the Municipality decided to convert big areas of Issawiyeh land into a public park.

In Silwan, the tunnel diggings which were conducted by the Israeli authorities caused a collapse of one of the main streets and a land slide in Silwan.

Settlers' atrocities: a group of extremist right wing settlers attempted to take over the Muslim Shrine of Rab'ah Adawiyeh in Mount of Olives. In the Old City, another group of the right-wing settlers performed provocative Talmudic rituals in Suk al-Qattanin outside the walls of al-Haram al-Sharif (the Nobel Sanctuary)..

In another aspect, a group of settlers attacked a Palestinian girl in Sheikh Jarrah, which is considered one of the main neighborhoods threatened with Israeli settlement activities. The same area observed an attempt to open fire against members of al-Ghawi Family by one of the extremist settlers. Moreover, Palestinian residents thwarted an attempt by settlers to raid al-Aqsa Mosque.

Police violations: January observed one police raid to one of the Palestinian houses in Ras al-Amud. The police also attacked one Palestinian family near Bisgat Ze'eve Settlement. In Silwan neighborhood, Israeli police conducted a wide campaign of arrests among Palestinian children. In Sheikh Jarrah, Israeli police fiercely reacted to the weakly peaceful demonstrations against taking over Palestinian homes in Sheikh Jarrah for the benefit of Israeli Jewish settlers. Within this context, Israeli police arrested 23 demonstrators including Israeli peace activities and internationals. Meanwhile, Israeli police prohibited head of the Islamic movement inside the "green line" Sheik Raed Sallah from entering Jerusalem for six months. It is worth mentioning that Israeli Magistrate Court sentenced Sallah to nine months in prison on allegations that he obstructed the work of Israeli police during the collapse of the old path that connect al-Buraq (Walling wall) plaza with al-Haram al-Sharif. Israeli police also filed a new charge sheet against Sallah on claims that he organized a welfare diner!

Israeli police also barred several Palestinians from Um al-Fahem from entering al-Aqsa Mosque. In another incident, Israeli police raided the Legacy Hotel in Jerusalem and prohibited a celebration marking Jerusalem as a permanent capital of Arab culture.

Israeli authorities also began in January to impose more restrictions on the entry of internationals working with non governmental organization in a measure believed to impede the provision of services to the Palestinian population in occupied Jerusalem.

Imprisonment: Israeli District court sentenced one Palestinian youth to ten years in prison and 9 months suspended on charges of smuggling Palestinian workers from West Bank to work in Israel.

Residency rights: Israeli Ministry of Interior denied residency rights to a Palestinian youth when its officials refused to issue him an ID card.

Details of the report:

First House demolitions

In January of 2010, the report documented three own demolitions of Palestinian homes situated in Mount of Olives; Wadi Yasoul in Silwan; and a partial demolition of a house belonging to a Palestinian resident of Jaba'a village, north east. The demolition orders were issued by Jerusalem Municipality.

On January 5, Jerusalem Municipality forced Khaled Yousef Abu Shusha to demolish his own house which he built in Khalet al-Ein in Mount of Olives. The house comprised of one room, a kitchen and a toilet and was built on 9 sq meters of land and used to provide shelter to his 7-members family.

Abu Shusha's wife reported that her husband decided to demolish the house by his own in order to avoid being fined with large amount of money that family could not afford. She pointed out that Israeli police and the municipal staff hanged the written demolition order together with an aerial picture of the house at the main gate to their land.

The Municipality also forced Silwan resident Haroun Zakaria Burqan on January 16, to demolish his two-room house and his sheep barracks which were built several years ago in the Yassour Valley near the bushes of Jabal al-Mukaber. The constructions were built on 150sq meters of land. Burqan reported that he was obliged to demolish his own house after the Municipality ordered him to pay a fine of NIS 50,000 knowing that he is the breadwinner of a family consisting 7 members.

On January 27, the municipality forced Farouk Bassam al-Mamluk to demolish his 10 sq meter room locating in Aqabet Sheikh Rihan in al-Sa'diyeh quarter inside the Old City. The room was built in 2004 and he was ordered in the past to pay a fine of NIS 6000 and was arrested for 3 days when he failed to pay the second installment of the fine.

Also, on January 19, the municipality demolished part of Hasan Salem Ka'abneh's house in Jaba'a village, northeast of Jerusalem. According to owner of the house, he didn't receive any prior notice from the occupation authorities regarding the demolition and pointed out that big military force arrived at the scene and forced the eviction of his family which comprised of 10 members before conducting the demolition. He added that the house was built in 1978 and in 1994 he added a balcony which he ceiled with Iron sheets when he was denied a construction license by the Israeli authorities. During the military raid to his house, he added, Israeli soldiers handcuffed him and his cousin Nidal Mousa until they finished with their job of demolition.

The house situated near Adam Settlement which was built on Jaba'a lands. Some 20 Bedouin families used to live there since the seventies of last century.
On the other hand, the Municipality handed five new demolition orders to Palestinian residents of al-Bustan area in Silwan. Homeowners reported that the demolition orders were hanged on walls of their homes.

On January 22, Israeli Court of Domestic Affairs fined Issa Hassan Abu Dhiyab from Silwan with NIS 36,000 on allegations that he defied Israeli building regulations. Abu Dhiyab reported that according to the court decision, if he failed to obtain a building permit by the first of May 2010, a new charge sheet will be issued against him.

Meanwhile, on January 30, the same court refused to cancel the demolition orders for 35 buildings in Issawiya which include more than 250 apartments.

On January 30, the Magistrate Court issued its decision to demolish Abdul Rahman Abu Farha's house which locates in al-Sa'adiya quarter in the Old City. The court issued him an ultimatum which expired on March 21, 2010 to evacuate his slated house for demolition. Abu Farha added that he built his house before several years and was able to obtain a license from the municipality to repair it in 1997. Yet, he was surprised to receive the evacuation order.

Second: settlement activities and appropriation of Palestinian homes:

In regards to settlement activities, January observed an Israeli escalation in confiscating Palestinian lands and announced new plans to establish more settlement enclaves in the heart of Arab neighborhoods particularly those which encircles the Old City.

On the first of January, the municipality decided to establish a pool for purification in Maale Hazetem settlements which is situated inside the Palestinian neighborhood of Ras al-Amud. It allocates NIS 250,000 to finance the intended project.

Meanwhile, Israeli Municipality began on January 2 with constructions of a new rail way for the light train which will connect the settlements of Maale Adumim, Shaar Hmzrah with E1.

On January 5, the Municipality's Zoning and Construction Committee approved the first phase of a new settlement in Mount of Olives to be built near the settlement enclave of Beit Orot. The first phase of the construction project included four buildings comprising 24 housing units. The project is financed by the Jewish-American investor Irving Moskowitz.

The committee approved another plan to establish a new Jewish settlement on Palestinian territory locating in Shu'fat. The plan includes the construction of 3 buildings, each of which comprised 5 floors on an area of 5 dunums. The constructions are also funded by Moskowitz.

On January 6, Israeli Ministry of Housing announced three tenders for construction of 692 housing units in 3 settlements including 198 units in Pisgat Zeev, 377 in Neve Yaakov and 117 units in Har Homa.

The announcement of plans coincided with the revelation of plans to build the new settlement Ma'lo David in Ras al-Amud including 100 housing units on an area of 11 dunums. The new settlement will be situated at 300 meters away from the existing settlement Maale Hazetem.

Recent settlement projects, which were approved by the Municipality with the blessing of the Israeli government, illustrated the size of support by the American citizens of Jewish origin to the draft settlement construction in occupied East Jerusalem, where these projects are financed by wealthy Jews residing in the United States who transfer dozens millions of dollars, mostly paid from the funds of Americans taxpayers. Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights called on the U.S. administration to adopt the necessarily measures to prevent the exploitation of U.S. laws to support illegal activities in the occupied territories.

On January 12, an attempt by the Israeli Municipality was revealed to pass plan no. 11555, which is based on the confiscation of 70% of land locating in Wadi Hilweh. The land is planned to be controlled by the municipal and the District Committee without the consent of its owners. The total area of the quarter equals 548,5 dunums of which 18,7% are residential areas.

The project aims at transforming the area into a tourist shrine and expanding the tunnels in the area. On January 19, Israeli bulldozers began opening the second part of the bypass road in Beit Hanina, north of Jerusalem in order to link the settlements of Neve Yaakov and Pisgat Zeev with the bypass road number 443. The long process of leveling targeted wide range of lands locating in Beit Haninah adjacent al-Quds University's land.

The work in this section stretched to 5 kilometers in length and was obstructed by the Jerusalemite owners of the lands who were affected and have their land being confiscated.

Head of the Local Community Department in the Israeli occupation Municipality confiscated in 2001 the land under the pretext of public interest. The confiscation order resorted to the Law of Zoning and Planning in addition to the Israeli Zoning Plan no. 3457 in order to build the network of streets that surrounds Jerusalem to complete the ring road.

On January 30, Israeli authorities announced its decision to convert big area of land belonging to Palestinian residents of Issawiyeh, to a national park. According to member of the Civic Committee for Planning Hani al-Issawi, the decision aimed to tighten the grip on Palestinian residents of Issawiya and to reduce the area allocated for building. Moreover, the decision would prevent finding a solution for the Palestinian buildings threatened with demolition since they locate outside the boundaries of the zoning plan which covers less than 660 dunums.

Third: excavation and desecration of religious sites:

Israeli occupation authorities continued their excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem and its surroundings, especially in Silwan causing additional cracks in several buildings and land slide. Within this context, on January 2, a big hole was discovered is Salwan's main street which leads to Al-Aqsa Mosque. The collapse was believed to a result of Israeli diggings of tunnels network in the area. The tunnels stretched to 700 meters towards al-Aqsa Mosque.

On January 18, a land collapse took place in Wadi Hilwah causing a 3-meter by 4 meters wide hole in the center of Silwan neighborhood.

In regards to desecration of Islamic historical sites, a group of extremist Jews attempted to raid premises of al-Aqsa Al-Aqsa Mosque on January 9. They tried to raid the mosque through al-Qattanin Gate. On the other hand, Israeli municipality bulldozers desecrated the Islamic cemetery Ma'manalla by dumping sawdust on the Moslem shrines and tombs there. According to architect Mustafa Abu Zahra, who head the Committee of Muslim Cemeteries in Jerusalem, the municipality resorted to all methods to destroy the graves signs.

On January 15, Israeli Jewish extremists tried to storm Al-Aqsa Mosque through Al-Qatanin Gate and conducted some rituals and Talmudic rites at a distance of five meters away from the gate of the Mosque.

Fourth: violations of the rights to religion and civil freedoms

January observed escalation in the Israeli breach of religious rights, freedoms of citizens and civil freedoms of the Palestinian population in Jerusalem. Within this context, new orders were issued to Palestinians prohibiting them from entering the Old City and Al Aqsa Mosque. Among the banned people, head of the Islamic Movement inside the green line Sheikh Raed Sallah who received an order on January 11 prohibiting him from entering Jerusalem for six months. The order which was based on Laws going back to the British Mandate was signed by the so-called Commander of the Internal Front in the Israeli army.

The order reads "according to my authority under provisions 108, 109, and annexes to the order which I have signed on Dec.21, 2009, and based on my conviction for the necessity of the order and its importance to ensure the state security, maintain the public security and public order, I issue this order against Raed Sallah, to bar him from entering Jerusalem area within the borders referred to in the attached map, which constitutes an integral part of the order. It will be effective for six months until July 10, 2010 with the exclusion of his summons for interrogation or being subjected to a legal proceeding in Jerusalem."

On his part, Sheikh Raed Sallah described the order as unfair, but he reiterated "we will continue to preserve our permanent and eternal right to enter Jerusalem at any moment without taking the permission from anybody."

Two days later following Sallah deportation from Jerusalem, Israeli Magistrate Court sentenced him to 9 months in prison and 6 months suspended on charges of involvement in riots acts and attacking an Israeli policeman during the Israeli diggings near Dung Gate on February 7, 2007.

On January 28, Israeli prosecution filed a new charge sheet against Sallah accusing him of organizing a welfare dinner on roof of Halawani Family's home in Wadi al-Joz on August, 22, 2007. By then Israeli police stormed the area, attacked the participants with clubs and stun grenades. Sallah himself was injured during the raid and was transferred to Makkased Hospital for medical treatment. By then, Israeli police General Inspector accused him of participating in an illegal gathering.

The Israeli storm reflected the climax of Israeli violations of the right to religion and a blatant breach to human rights particularly when it comes to the basic individual rights which are guaranteed by the international human law.

In regards to civil freedoms during January, Minister of Israeli Internal Security issued on Jan. 24 his military order which prohibited al-Makassed Islamic Welfare Society from organizing a dinner that included cultural shows to raise money for funding the society and its hospital. Head of the Administrative Committee of the society, Dr. Arafat al-Hidmi commented on the ban by saying: "what happened was a strange and disturbing, since the society concerns with health care for treating the poor population of Jerusalem, West Bank and Gaza. We were surprised by the order."

On Jan. 28, Israeli police raided the Legacy Hotel and prohibited a celebration marking the declaration of Jerusalem as a Permanent Capital for Arab Culture, on claims that the festivities were organized by Hamas supporters. Commenting on the issue, Architect Iyab al-Jallad, member of the Jerusalemite Popular Committee for the Festival of Jerusalem the Capital of Arab Culture said "the ban proves the bankruptcy of Israeli policies."

Moreover Commander of Internal Front signed his order to prohibit Fawaz Hassan Ighbariyeh, a resident of Um al-Fahem, from entering al-Aqsa Mosque for six months. Ighbariyeh works with al-Aqsa Institution for the Waqf and Heritage. He is active in issues concerning al-Aqsa mosque.

Such breaches of human rights corresponded with a series of arrests, house raids and banning peaceful protests which were organized on weekly bases by Palestinians, Israeli peace activist and internationals in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood.

On Jan. 13, Israeli Border Guards stormed Samir Abu Farha's house which locates in Ras al-Amud to arrest his son Mu'tasem, 22. Two days later, Israeli police arrested 13 Palestinian and Israeli protesters during the peaceful protest against settlement activities in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood. Some were beaten with clubs and guns butts.

On Jan. 22, Israeli police dispersed a peaceful demonstration in Sheikh Jarrah and arrested 20 activists. Several others were injured during the incident. Palestinians, Israeli leftists and international were demonstrating against appropriation of Palestinian houses by extremist settlers and against the settlers' provocation against Palestinian residents of Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood.

In Silwan neighborhood, Israeli police arrested several Palestinian children on the pretext of their involvement in stone throwing incidents against members of the Israeli police. Children parents testified that their sons were arrested at night from their homes, beaten, suffer of psychological distress, cursed and hooked while under interrogation.

In its statement which was issued on January 11, Israeli police confessed that it arrested 33 Palestinians, 45 Israeli peace activists and 14 internationals during the demonstrations which were organized in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood. On January 28, five Palestinians from one family were arrested following the raid by Israeli police's Special Unit to their home which situates near Pisgat Ze'ev Settlement. During the storm Israeli police attacked Awad Garableh and a pregnant woman. The police also damaged some of the furniture during the storm which was justified by the police pursuit to a young boy in the area.

In conformity with the Israeli police violations of Palestinian rights, extremist Jewish settlers attacked on January 16 Amneh Nashashibi, 16, in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood. The attack took place during the settlers' provocative march in the area. The settlers hit the Palestinian girl and dragged her from the hair.

On January 30, one extremist settler attempted to open fire towards Nasser al-Ghawi family in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood. The setter was arrested by the police, but released later without facing him with any charge. Instead, the police arrested Palestinian Nasser al-Ghawi.

On the other hand, Israeli District Court sentenced on January 27, Ibrahim al-Faqeeh to 10 years and nine months in prison. The court convicted him of smuggling Palestinian workers from West Bank in his car which has the yellow placard. Observers in Jerusalem believed it was a tough deterring punishment.

Israeli violations also targeted international staff of the non governmental organizations. In this regard, Israeli Interior Ministry began to put more restrictions on issuing or extending visas, a fact that was perceived as measure to impede the relief work for Palestinians particularly in Jerusalem.

In regards to violation of Palestinians residency rights, Israeli Ministry of Interior refused on January 16 to issue Raed al-Sous an ID on claims that he resided in Bir Nabala and not within the municipal boundaries of the city. The Palestinian youth possesses documents from the Israeli Jerusalem Municipality proving that he suffers of Down Syndrome.


January observed an Israeli escalation in the desecration of Palestinian holy shrines, violation of the right to religion and the free access to holy shrines in contradiction with Art. 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which stipulates the "everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance."

During the month, Israel continued with its systematic policy of demolishing Palestinian homes on claims that they were built without construction licenses. The measure by Israel the occupation power breaches Art. 25 (1) of the UDHR which reads that "Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control." It also breaches Art. 11 (1) of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights which reads that "the states parties to the present covenant recognize the right of everyone to and adequate standard of living for himself and his family, including adequate food, clothing and housing, and to the continuous improvement of living conditions."

January also observed the continuation of Israeli digging around the Old City and under al-Aqsa Mosque. More tunnels were excavated, a fact that may endanger the old historic buildings in the city.

Moreover, Israeli occupation authorities imposed restrictions on social and community activities regardless of their peaceful nature relating to cultural and art activities. They also ordered closed Palestinian institutions without logical reason. Moreover, they prohibited the protest and conducted wide campaign of arrests.

Racism phenomenon against Palestinians also escalated in various fields by Israeli intelligence agents and Israeli settlers. Several attacks were reported against the Palestinian citizens.


As long as the applicable law in the oPt consists of the following:

- United Nations Charter

- General Assembly resolution 2625 (XXV) - Illegality of any territorial acquisition resulting from the threat or use of force.

- Right of peoples to self-determination.

- International humanitarian law.

- Regulations annexed to the Fourth Hague Convention of 1907

- Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 - Applicability of Fourth Geneva Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

- Human rights Law.

- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

- Convention on the Rights of the Child

- Relationship between international humanitarian law and human rights law

- Applicability of human rights instruments outside national territory.

- Applicability of those instruments in the Occupied Palestinian Territory,

JCSER calls upon:

Israel (the occupying power) to:

- Put an end for its breaches to international human law and the Palestinian people right to housing.

- Halt its settlement activities, appropriation of Palestinian land and the policy of demolishing Palestinian house.

- End the breaches of the Palestinian right to religion, desecration of Palestinian holy shrines and enable the Palestinians the free access to their religious sites. Also, it should immediately halt its excavation near and under al-Haram al-Sharif.

- End the systematic policy of ethnic cleansing and the racial discrimination against the Arab Palestinian people and to remove all the obstacles before enabling the Palestinians to political and economic self-determination.

- Halt the policy of targeting Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem, put an end to the policy of banning social and cultural celebration, storming and closing the Jerusalemite institutions and to revoke its earlier decision to close Nidal Community Center and other closed Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem.

- Stop targeting Palestinian religious and political figures with interrogation, arrest and deportation from Jerusalem.

Palestinian Authority:

- To maintain its respected efforts to enable the Palestinian people to exercise they self-determination, emancipate from the yoke of occupation and to establish the independent Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.

- To continue with its diplomatic efforts on the international level to pressure the occupation to halt its practices and polices that breach the international law in Jerusalem in general against religious shrines in particular.

- To condition the return to the negotiation table with the Israeli government complete halt of its breaches of the international norms and laws particularly in the field of settlement activities, violations of Palestinian human rights and the infringements of religious and civil freedoms.

The International community:

- The high contracting parties to Geneva conventions should "undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the present convention in all circumstances."

- All the states which have diplomatic relations with Israel are called to exploit these relations to pressures the occupation government to end its practices that contravene with the international humanitarian law. This could be done by resorting to various available means to reach the end of Israeli occupation in the Holy City and the entire Palestinian territories which were occupied in 1967.

- The international community should condition signing agreements of cooperation and association with Israel with its respect of international norms, laws in addition to Palestinian rights including the right to self determination on their land.

- All international institutions that are concerned with human rights should maintain the zealous efforts on the level of their governments to push them to expose Israeli occupation violations of Palestinian human rights in additional to hold those responsible for the violations before court.