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Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15

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Today: Sep 24, 2017

JCSER reveals the number of revoked ID cards during 2007 and 2008

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Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights, JCSER, revealed new exclusive data about the number of revoked ID cards which it received from the office of the Israeli Interior Ministry. The data received following the JCSER request which was presented two years earlier.

According to available data from the office of Israeli Ministry of Interior, 229 Palestinians lost their residency right in Jerusalem in 2007 while in 2008 the number doubled by 20 times and reached 4672 Palestinians who had their ID cards revoked. However, the data revealed that 67 Palestinians retained their residency rights in Jerusalem in 2007 and 83 in 2008.

According to the information, 750 Palestinians applied for family reunification in 2007 but the Ministry accepted only 431 requests. In 2008 the Israeli Ministry approved 404 applications from among 816 applicants.

Table of family unification applications:

Refused

Approved

Freezed

Under assessment

Total

2007

241

431

47

31

750

2008

252

404

74

86

816

Regarding registration requests for Palestinian children whose one of their parents is a holder of Jerusalem ID, 1881 applied in 2007 yet 1347 were approved only while in 2008 Israeli Ministry of Interior approved 1470 of the total number of 2062 applicants in 2008.

Table of children registration

Refused

Approved

Freezed

Under assessment

Total

2007

457

1347

n/a

77

1881

2008

498

1470

2

92

2062

In contradiction with previous media reports about thousands of Palestinians who applied for Israeli citizenships, yet according to office of the Interior Ministry the number of applicants amounted to 405 in 2007 among them 202 were approved. However, in 2008, 548 persons applied for the citizenship and 261 were approved.

Table of Palestinian applications for Israeli citizenship:

Approved

Refused

Freezed

Under assessment

Total

2007

202

169

1

33

405

2008

261

222

1

64

548

The current available data is considered the most updated that are published by JCSER regarding violations of Israeli occupation to Palestinian residency rights, children registration and family reunification. Normally, Israel Ministry of Interior used to avoid publishing such data about its policy towards the Palestinian population of Jerusalem. This may explain the delay of the Ministry in responding to the repeated request by the JCSER's lawyer Muhammad Qadah in the past two years to obtain the information. In some stages, the center was on the verge of filing a legal inquiry against the Ministry. The issue was also raised with the Israeli Minister of Interior during a meeting he convened before two months with Palestinian journalists. By then, one of the JCSER researchers asked for explanation for the reasons behind the Ministry abstain from providing the information to the center and the Palestinian public opinion in Jerusalem in regards to the nature of Israeli policies towards Palestinians of Jerusalem. However, he responded by stating that he will check the issue.

Following its occupation of Jerusalem in 1967, Israeli authorities considered the Palestinians of Jerusalem as permanent residents in the city according to the Law of Entry to Israel of 1952. However, in 1974 they amended the law in a way that enabled Israeli Minister of Interior to revoke the residency right of a Palestinian who is a holder of Jerusalem ID card, in case he lives outside the municipal borders of the city for more than 7 years or if he obtains the residency right or the citizenship of another state and if he is seen to pose a danger for the Israeli national security.

In 1988, an additional vague criterion was added to the policy of revoking Palestinian ID cards which is called the "center of life." According to this condition, any Palestinian who moves his center of life to outside the municipal boundaries even to West Bank and Gaza will be eligible for losing his residency right in Jerusalem.

In 2002, Israeli occupation authorities issued the order no. 1813 pertaining family unification which prohibited issuing the permanent residency status to one of a parent if he or she is not a resident of Jerusalem. However, the decision was amended on 2005 by adding new conditions before applying for a family reunion by a person who does not obtain the permanent residency status. The amendment conditions that the woman should turn 25 years old and the man 35 in order to apply for family reunification. Such condition denied thousands of Palestinian families from the right to family reunification and enjoying the residency right in Jerusalem. Some statistics reveal that there are around 150, 000 applicants for family reunification.

Israel annexed Jerusalem through issuing the Basic Law by the Israeli Knesset on July 30, 1980. Its first item reads: "The entire unified city of Jerusalem is the capital of Israel." Moreover, this law enables Israel to assume total sovereignty over Jerusalem in a blatant violation to various UN Security Council resolutions such as resolution number 4766, which warns Israel of adopting such measures, or which condemns the Israeli decision and considers it null and void according to international legitimacy.

It should be noted that the two resolutions: 250 of 1968 and resolution 253 of 1968 consider all the administrative and legislative measures which were adopted by Israel, including appropriation of land and properties that my cause a change in the legal status of Jerusalem are void and null measures.

In 2004, International High Court of Justice issued its opinion regarding the construction of Israeli wall in the Palestinian territories. It ruled out that Jerusalem is part of the Palestinian occupied territories on which the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 applied in addition to the attached protocol to the fourth Hague Regulation of 1907; Human Rights Law; International Covenant on the Civil and Political Rights; International Covenant on Economics, Social, Political and Cultural Rights; Declaration of the Rights of the Child and other human rights covenants.

According to the available data at the JCSER, there are more than 10 thousands Palestinian children from among the entire Palestinian population of Jerusalem (around 270,000) of Jerusalem who are deprived from ID cards.

Observers believe that the Israeli occupation policy of revoking Palestinian ID cards comes in concord with recommendations of Gavni Ministerial Committee of 1973 over keeping the percentage of Arab Palestinians in Jerusalem at around 30% of the entire Palestinian and Israeli population in Jerusalem. Meanwhile, Yair Segev who is in charge of east Jerusalem affairs in the Israeli occupation's Jerusalem Municipality, stated at the beginning of 2010 that the Segregation Wall was built in Jerusalem for demographic reasons to isolate some 55,000 Palestinians in Shu'fat Refugee Camp.