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Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15

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Today: Nov 17, 2018

Violations of Palestinian human rights in Jerusalem in February 2010

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Prepared: by Research and Documentation Unit

Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights


This report documents Israeli violation of Palestinian economic and social rights in occupied Jerusalem during February 2010. Documentations in the report cover various Israeli violations such as: Israeli threats to demolish Palestinian houses; breaching the right to freedom of religion and the desecration of holy sites; assaulting individual freedoms particularly in the field of freedom of movement; land confiscation and the escalation in the Jewish settlement activities in addition to the continued abuses by the Israeli security officials and civilians against the Palestinian population of occupied Jerusalem.

The report in brief:

Demolitions: Israeli occupation's Jerusalem Municipality issued 14 new demolition orders against the Palestinian population of occupied Jerusalem including two big buildings one comprising of five apartments and the other consists of 32 apartments. The Municipality renewed the issuance of several new orders against Palestinian homes in Silwan. Meanwhile, an Israeli court sustained one demolition order. The court also gave an ultimatum to Palestinian residents of one building comprises of 8 apartments of one weak to evacuate in order to demolish it. According to the Municipality data, there are 657 unlicensed Palestinian homes.

Meanwhile, Israeli High Court approved the demolition of four stores locating in Ras al-Amud. However that available data at JCSER, there are 20,000 outstanding demolition orders issued by the Ministry of Interior against Palestinian homes in the Holy City.

Although the Municipality imposed very tight restrictions on the Palestinian construction inside the Old City that prohibit additional constructions and buildings taller than the Jerusalem Wall, Jerusalem Mayor, Nir Barkat vowed to implement the demolition orders as soon as possible.

In another aspect, Israeli authorities demolished the tent of Ghawi family, which is their makeshift house after they had been evacuated from their home in Sheikh Jarrah and was occupied by Jewish settlers.

On the other hand, Jerusalem Municipality rejected the approval of a Palestinian housing project near Gilo Settlement. It also refused to license the construction of three buildings and al-Hayyat School in Silwan. On the other hand, Israeli Ministry of Interior refused to approve three zoning plan in the area presented by the Palestinian population.

Settlement activities: Israeli Minister of Interior announced that he intends to legitimize the right of Jews to build their settlements inside Arab neighborhoods. On their part, the settlement group Ateret Kohanim moved more Jewish families to the Moslem neighborhoods in occupied Jerusalem. On the other hand, Jerusalem Municipality confiscated a piece of land belonging to Palestinian resident in Silwan following the demolition of his home. On his part, Israeli Minister of Interior confiscation a land lot in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood to build a parking lot to be used by settlers visiting the area. In Mount of Olives, Palestinian residents frustrated an attempt of settlement expansion. While, in Shufat Refugee Camp and Sheikh Jarrah, Israeli employees conducted a survey of land.

Regarding the new settlements, Israeli occupation authorities announced their plans to build 600 housing units near Bisgat Ze'ev, 549 units near Beit Safafa.

Israeli excavations: Israeli authorities continued with its diggings under and around the Old City of Jerusalem. The diggings caused some cracks in the walls of al-Marawani Musala near al-Aqsa Mosque and one home locating near Bab al-Majless, one of the main gates to al-Haram al-Sharif (the noble sanctuary). They also cause a land collapse in the entrance to Khan al-Zeit, the main market in the Old City. Meanwhile, excavations near Jaffa Gate lead to the discovery of an old Byzantine road.

Taxation raids: Israeli employees of tax departments continued to storm Palestinian homes and stores inside the Old City and outside it in Wad al-Jouz to impose high fines on the Palestinians who failed to pay their taxes. Because of such raids Palestinian merchants in Ras Khamis, Ras Shehadah and Dahiet al-Salam went on a commercial strike.

Settler' assaults: Inside the Old City, Ras al-Amoud and Salah Eldin Street, Jewish settlers escalated their attacks against Palestinians. In Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, the settlers attacked the elderly woman Rifqa al-Kurd. The same neighborhood observed attacks by settlers against a youth and a boy from al-Ghawi family. The neighborhood was also closed by the police before Palestinian residents during a Jewish religious ceremony.

Detention and deportation: Israeli security raided Shu'fat Refugee Camp and arrested 19 Palestinians. They also arrested an elderly woman from Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood on claims that she spilled water on one of the settlers. Following her release, she was also put under house arrest. Israeli authorities also deported one youth from al-Ghawi family from his home in Shiekh Jarrah. The authorities decided to deport one Palestinian resident of Jerusalem on claims that he resides in USA, but an Israeli court issued an order to suspend his deportation. The Israeli police also arrested 3 persons after being assaulted by Jewish settlers. Also, they arrested the Director of Preventive Security in Jerusalem. Meanwhile, the Israeli authorities prohibited family of a Palestinian prisoner from Mount of Olive from organizing a reception on the occasion of his release from prison. On the other hand, Israeli police filed a charge sheet against Sheikh Raed Salah. The police also stormed Asrana office in Jerusalem and arrested its director.

The wall: Settlers of the French Hill requested their government to establish a wall to separate them from the Palestinian population in Issawiyeh. On its part, Israeli High Court ordered the army to issue travel permits to Palestinians who are harmed by the segregation wall and road no. 20 in Beit Haninah.

Closure of institutions: Israeli authorities ordered closed two non-governmental organizations locating in Sur Baher.

Following are the details of the report:

First: house demolitions:

Despite the fact that the Municipality didn't implement any demolitions during February, however, it observed continuous raids to Palestinians areas to hand more demolition orders.

In the beginning of the month, the Municipality's Court of Local Affairs suspended for one year the implementation of the demolition order which was previously issued against the Palestinian resident of Sur Baher, south Jerusalem. The court decision came after its owner presented a zoning plan which is a pre-condition for licensing it.

Meanwhile, the Municipality inspectors handed demolition orders against three Palestinian stores locating at the entrance to Damascus Gate of the Old City. The stores belong to Muhammed Hafez Abu al-Dab'at and are rented by Mu'tasem Abu Ermeileh, Samer al-Salaymeh and Najati al-Jabari.

Son of the stores' owner, Nael, told JCSER that neither he nor the tenants received any written notification from any Israeli court. He added, "We will knock all doors to stop the demolition process and we will seek to obtain construction licenses."

One of tenants, Samer al-Salaymeh, said: "These demolition orders are not binding to us because we are not street vendors but we run stores," adding that they hired a lawyer to follow up with the case.

One week after the issuance of the demolition orders, Israeli High Court, decided to support the Municipality's demolition orders on claims that its owner does not possess any licenses. Abu al-Dab'at commented on the court verdict by saying that he appealed to the Central Court which ruled on his behalf. However, the Municipality appealed to the High Court which issued a final decision supporting its decision.

On Feb. 2 workers of the Jerusalem Municipality demolished for the tenth time the tent of al-Ghawi family which forms their makeshift house which their original house was occupied by Jewish settlers. Owner of the tent, Nasser al-Ghawi reported to JCSER that his tent was demolished without any previous warning and that the police arrested him one day before the demolition. He was release on bail of NIS 6000 and was deported from his place of residency for two weeks. He was arrested following a scuffle with one of the settlers who directed his weapons towards a group of women and children in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood.

On Feb. 7 the Municipality rejected three zoning plans for three housing buildings that comprise of 30 housing units belonging to Issam Abdeen, Fakhri Shweiki and Muhammad al-Qaq. The buildings situate in Beit Haninah, Ras al-Amud and Silwan. The rejection endangers the buildings with demolition. On its part, Ministry of Interior refused the approval of six zoning plans in Jerusalem which were previously accepted by the various committees of the Municipality.

Within the same context, inspectors of the Municipality issued on Feb. 14 an ultimatum to residents of al-Lo'loa Building which comprises of eight apartments locating in Beit Haninah to evacuate within two weeks in order to demolish it after the demolition order was approved by the Israeli Central Court.

In the Old City of Jerusalem, the Municipality decided on Feb. 15 to impose tight restrictions on Palestinian construction including banning additional constructions in addition to construct higher building than the city wall. According to information leaked from the Municipality, its Zoning Committee prepared a comprehensive plan to present construction licenses inside the Old City and that a new committee will be established to study every application separately. Moreover, new tight instructions were set to protect ancient and archeological sites.

According the Israeli weekly newspaper, Yersholim, more restrictions are imposed on construction additions and new constructions in addition of setting new instructions for the archeological structures. Such instructions will be applied only in the areas of the Old City that lack zoning plans. It should be mentioned that a comprehensive zoning planning was prepared for the Old City in 1970 and entered into effect in 1976.

According to the mentioned plan, it prohibits establishing any construction for any reason at a distance of 10 meters for the inner part of the Old City wall. Any breach to the plan should be reviewed by a professional committee who is entitled to approve the construction. The plan completely prohibits the construction of any building taller than the Old City wall at a distance less than 50 meters from the inside part. It also prohibited adding constructions on roof of the existing buildings in addition of barring the demolition of domes of the old buildings.

The plan also imposes sensitive restrictions on construction inside premises of al-Haram al-Sharif (Noble Sanctuary), by barring establishing any constructions higher than its walls. The plan confirmed also that any change in the existing construction need an archeological plan in addition to the approval of the Israeli archeological authority for any construction that exceeds 30 sq. meters which is allowed in an area that doesn't exceed 90 sq. meters.

The Municipality's workers demolished once again the makeshift ten on 14th of the same month. They also demolished all of its contents. The incident took place a day before arresting the Palestinian woman Fatma Thiab which resides in the Sheikh Jarrah after accusing her of spilling hot oil on an extremist right wing Knesset member.

On Feb. 24, teams of the Jerusalem Municipality handed demolitions orders to 12 Palestinians residing in Wadi Hilwah, the central quarter and Abbasiyah area on claims of trespassing laws of construction, knowing that some homes had been built even before 1967. Among the residents who received such orders: Riyad Yihyah al-Tawil, Muin al-Qaq, Fahmi Maswadeh, Hani al-Himouni, Nayef Alqam, Yassin al-Salaymeh, Azam Ganem Fakhri, Marwan al-Shyoukhi, Nasser al-Salfiti and Murad al-Abasi from al-Abasiyeh quarter. The administrative demolition order read: According to Planning and Building Law of 1956, you should stop immediately all action of construction or use and getting the situation to its previous status. In case you don't comply to this warning, we will think of adopting the legal measures against you.. administrative demolition order."

Riyad al-Tawil of Wadi Hilweh told JCSER that the house belongs to his father Yihya and was owned since 1962 with official documents. The house was also licensed by Jerusalem municipality during the Jordanian era. On his part, his father Yihya, 80, reported that he had been living in the house which comprises of two apartments since 60 years.

Nevertheless, Hani Himouni reported that he received an administrative demolition order for his 90 sq. meters house which was built even before 1948 and it provides shelter for 8 persons.

On the other hand, the Municipality announced its rejection to the construction of a housing project for followers of the three faiths near Bisgat Ze'eve settlement. The project of 210 housing units was supposed to be established on an area of 14 dunums which was allocated the church which is near al-Tantur.

The Municipality also rejected on Feb. 17, to approve the needed licenses for the mixed al-Hayyat basic School in Ein al-Lozeh, to the south of the Old City, a fact that pave the way for its demolition and thus depriving 600 students from their right to education.

Fakhri Abu Diab, head of the Committee to Defend Silwan Lands, said that the Municipality decision "aims to avenge following the closure of the settlement building, knowing that the application for obtaining a license was presented before 12 years.

According to newly published data by the Jerusalem Municipality, there are 20,000 Palestinian houses in Jerusalem that were built without licenses, including 657 buildings in Silwan neighborhood (100 in al-Bustan area), all under the threat of demolition.

Second: settlement activities

During February, Israeli occupation authorities confiscated more Palestinian lands and announced plans to build several settlement housing projects. In one incident, Palestinian population had succeeded to frustrate attempts to expand one settlement enclave locating in Mount of Olives.

On Feb. 15, Israeli Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat initiated the implementation of measures aiming at confiscating a private Palestinian land locating in Silwan in order to build a parking lot to be used by Jewish visitors to the so called David City. The confiscation will take place under the provision of, "utilizing unused property" of the Municipalities Law which enables the confiscation of land from its owner if he doesn't make a benefit of it for the sake of public interest.

There days later, a plan was revealed for establishing 60 housing on an area of 10 dunums that are characterized as absentee properties and under authority of the Israeli Custodian of Absentee Properties and locates in sector 30615.

Meanwhile, the Municipality's Regional Committee for Zoning approved publishing a new planning project to construct 549 settlement units near Beit Safafa. The project is scheduled to be established on a 153 dunums of land.

Moreover, another settlement project of 600 new units was announced near Bisgat Ze'eve following its approval by the Municipality's Regional Committee. The project plan was suggested two years ago, yet it was freezed by then due to some problems relating to ownership of the land. But the so called Land Department represented the plan to the Regional Committee after it reduced the number of units from 1100 to 600.

In another aspect, Palestinian residents frustrated on Feb. 10 an attempt for settlement expansion on Mount of Olives by taking over a Palestinian land locating near the settlement enclave "Beit Or" at the entrance to Mount of Olives.

On its part, the settlement group Ateret Kohanim announced that on Feb. 26 that several Jewish families had started to move to live in homes inside the Old City following long legal proceedings.

Third: Israeli excavation inside and around the Old City

Israeli occupation authorities continued with its diggings in the Old City, around al-Aqsa Mosque and outside the walls of Jerusalem. The excavations inflicted some damages to Palestinian homes and properties in addition to the buildings inside al-Harm al-Sharif.

In Bab al-Majless, one of the main gates to al-Aqsa Mosque, the digging machine penetrated the wall of Qadri Shahin's home which located in Ala' Eldin Quarter which is adjacent to headquarters of the Islamic Waqf.

Shahin told JCSER, that following the discovery of a hole in his home wall, he reported the incident to the police and Director of the Islamic Waqf. He added that engineers from the Municipality arrived at the seen and took pictures of the wall.

On Feb. 14, big cracks were discovered on the southern wall of al-Musala al-Marawani which locates near al-Aqsa Mosque.

Israeli authorities began on 17th of Feb. with excavations in a tunnel between Damascus and Herald gates of the Old City. The purpose of the diggings was to connect the tunnel of Suleiman Cave with another tunnel to be dug at a distance of 40 meters away from Damascus and Herald gates of the Old City. There is also a plan to dig another tunnel under Sultan Suleiman Street towards the bus station and the vegetables market which is adjacent to the Golden Walls Hotel.

Meanwhile, a tunnel is being dug under al-Adhami Mosque and Bab al-Sahera Cemetery. The length of the planned tunnel is more than 250 meters, according to a report by al-Aqsa Organization for Waqf and Heritage.

Israeli excavations in the Old City had caused on the 15th of Feb. a land collapse at the intersection that leads to Khan al-Zeit and al-Wad streets. Planned diggings by the Municipality to be conducted by the end of this year or at the beginning of next year are feared to cause more land collapses and cracks in walls of ancient properties of the Old City.

Fourth: tax and arrest campaigns

February observed the biggest tax campaign and arrests in several areas of the city particularly in Wadi al-Jouz, Shu'fat Refugee Camp and the Old City. The most violent campaign took place in Shu'fat Refugee Camp.

In Wadi al-Jouz to the north of the Old City, Israeli police and border guards escorted staff of Aranona Tax Department of the Jerusalem Municipality in their tax campaigns. They raided several Palestinian homes and stores in the industrial zone and confiscated some of their contents. The campaign in the Old City included imposing a fine of NIS 1000 against the street vendors for claims of violating the Municipality laws. Among the people who were fined Muhammad al-Salaymeh, owner of a souvenir shop locating near Chain Gate.

In Khan al-Zeit, the Municipality employees raided for the second consecutive day the butchery that is owned by Anan al-Sabbah and fined him with NIS 1000 on claims that he put his refrigerator at the entrance of his shop in a way that violated the Municipality rules, however, when he expressed his objection he was assaulted and beaten together with his brothers Muhammad and Issa.

Their home which locates near their store was also raided and its occupiers, women and children were also beaten.

On Feb. 8, a big force of police and Border Guards raided Shu'fat refugee camp, Ras Khamis and Ras Shehadeh and arrested dozens of people. By the end of the raid, the number of arrested was estimated at 300 including 250 holders of West Bank ID cards who work and reside in the camp. A spokesman of the police justified the goal of the raid with imposing law and order, searching for those in debt for the tax department.

Palestinians in the stormed areas complained of violence of the police which destroyed furniture of some homes. They also reported that three boys were injured during the police raid. According to a spokesperson of the police, 200 Palestinians were fined including 120 construction fines.

Fifth: settlers attacks against Palestinian civilians

February observed an escalation in the settlers' attacks against civilian Palestinians namely children and women. Meanwhile, victims of the settlers' attacks accused Israeli police of practicing complicity with the settlers.

On Feb. 5, Israeli police closed Sheikh Jarrah Street and prohibited residents of the area from having access to their homes. The police also barred Israeli and international activists from demonstrating in solidarity with the Palestinian residents who were evacuated from their homes to be occupied by Jewish settlers.

One settler attacked on Feb. 7 the Palestinian elderly woman Rifqah al-Kurd, 80, and threatened her with his weapons. Residents of the area who interfered reported that members of the Israeli police force, instead of arresting the settler, they accused the Palestinian residents particularly the woman of assaulting him.

The residents told JCSER two days before attacking al-Kurd, a group of settlers attacked the 14-year-old boy Murad Atiyeh by throwing a big stone at him causing some injuries to him. However, instead of arresting the settlers, the police arrested the Palestinian boy and charged him with charges of assaulting the settlers.

Palestinians in Sheikh Jarrah accused the Israeli police of applying its law on them alone while not daring to do so with the settlers. They also reported that few days ago, the police arrested Fatmah Thiab after being accused of spilling water on the right wing Knesset member Michael Ben Ari during his solidarity visit to the settlers that were occupying Palestinian homes in Sheikh Jarrah.

Owners of the confiscated homes in Sheikh Jarrah reported that during the Israeli feast (Purim), dozens of Jewish settlers raided the neighborhood and attacked its resident. However, when the Palestinians tried to defend themselves, Israeli police interfered to rescue the settlers and began to attack the women and children leaving several injured.

On Feb. 17, the Palestinian child Adam Nasser al-Ghawi, 5, was injured after being attacked with a stone by an Israeli settler. On the same day a car belonging to the Municipality ran over Jad Hamad when its workers raided the area to demolish the tent of the al-Ghawi family which used it as a makeshift house following the appropriation of their home by Jewish settlers.

Two days before the incident, Israeli police deported the 16-year-old boy Tarek al-Ghawi from his residency in Sheikh Jarrah for one month and later was put under house arrest for one week. Israeli police also charged a 3-year-old girl with throwing stones charges against one settler in his twenties.

Attacks by settlers and Israeli security agents included the Old City. On Feb 3, Israeli police arrested 3 Palestinian youths after a scuffle with a group of security guards belonging to one of the guarding firms responsible for guarding the settlers in the Old City. The scuffle began when one of the Israeli guards attack one of the Palestinian youth.

In Essawiyeh, north Jerusalem, Usamah Shihdeh Ibrahim Jaradat, 20, sustained injury when he was attacked by a group of settlers in west Jerusalem. He reported to JCSER that when he was in the bus station on his way home from work together with one of his colleagues, one of the settlers approached him to ask for a cigarette. Few minutes later, the settler returned with three others and began to hit him. As a result, he sustained injuries in the head and face. They also broke his teeth before vanishing from the seen.

Jaradat added, "I was transferred from the area by an Arab taxi driver to Bikur Cholim Hospital and later to Hadassah."

Sixth: violations of the right to freedom and desecration of holy shrines

Israeli occupation authorities continued with its violations of the Palestinian right to religion and the desecration of holy shrines. On the first of Feb. Israeli persecutors filed a charge sheet against Sheikh Raed Salah, Head of the Islamic Movement inside the green line in relation to some incidents which took place following a welfare meal which was organized by the Islamic movement on August 22, 2007. During the incident Israeli police attacked the participants including Salah who was injured and arrested.

Meanwhile, Israeli police continued to bar Salah and other religious leaders from entering al-Harm al-Sharif. Also the police maintained its ban on cultural activities in the city. Within this context, the police ordered closed the two non-governmental organizations the Cultural Forum and Dar al-Hadith al-Sharif on claims that they were affiliated with Hamas. However, director of the forum told JCSER that "Dar al-Hadith is in fact a kindergarten.''

On its part, an Israeli court issued on the beginning of the month a decision to prohibit ministry of Interior from deporting the Palestinian Jerusalem resident Ilyas George Khayo from Jerusalem pending the final rule over his appeal.

Khayo was arrested at Qalandiya Crossing on January 10, 2010 and was incarcerated in Ramllah Prison and issued a deportation order, claiming that he is a foreigner staying illegally after the expiration of his visa.

However, Khayo who served three weeks told JCSER, "I am not a criminal to be kept in prison." Khayo works as translator and is the breadwinner for his elderly parents. He lives in the Christian quarter of the Old City. Khayo visited the USA between 1990 and 1996 for studying.

Seventh: Conclusions

- February observed an escalation in Israeli violations of the Palestinian religious freedoms and the desecration of Palestinian holy shrines. It also observed several restrictions on the Palestinian clergy.

- During the month, Israeli policy of issuing new house demolition orders continued although it did not observe any demolition.

- More the Palestinian lands had been confiscated and new tenders for the construction of new settlement units had been published.

- Attacks against the Palestinian population on racial background increased in addition to the mounting police violence against Palestinian protests. But the police adopted lenient policy with the settlers' violence.

- The policy of silent deportation and ethnic cleansing against Palestinians by revoking the identity cards also continued.


As long as the applicable law in the oPt consists of the following:

- United Nations Charter

- General Assembly resolution 2625 (XXV) - Illegality of any territorial acquisition resulting from the threat or use of force.

- Right of peoples to self-determination.

- International humanitarian law.

- Regulations annexed to the Fourth Hague Convention of 1907

- Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 - Applicability of Fourth Geneva Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

- Human rights Law.

- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

- Convention on the Rights of the Child

- Relationship between international humanitarian law and human rights law

- Applicability of human rights instruments outside national territory.

- Applicability of those instruments in the Occupied Palestinian Territory,

JCSER calls upon:

The government of Israel:

- To put an end for its breaches of international human law and the Palestinian people rights to live, housing and gathering.

-To halt its settlement activities, appropriation of Palestinian land and the policy of demolishing Palestinian houses.

-To end the breaches of the Palestinian right to religion, the desecration of Palestinian holy shrines and enable the Palestinians to enjoy the free access to their religious sites. Also, it should immediately halt its excavation near and under al-Haram al-Sharif.

-To end the systematic policy of ethnic cleansing and the racial discrimination against the Arab Palestinian people and to remove all the obstacles before enabling the Palestinians to political and economic self-determination.

-To halt the policy of targeting Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem, put an end to the policy of banning social and cultural celebration, storming and closing the Jerusalemite institutions and to revoke its earlier decision to close Palestinian institutions.

-To stop targeting Palestinian religious and political figures with interrogation, arrest and deportation from Jerusalem.

Palestinian Authority:

-To maintain its respected efforts to enable the Palestinian people to exercise they self-determination, emancipate from the yoke of occupation and to establish the independent Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.

-To continue with its diplomatic efforts on the international level to pressure the occupation to halt its practices and polices that breach the international law in Jerusalem in general against religious shrines in particular.

-To condition the return to the negotiation table with the Israeli government by its complete halt of its breaches to the international norms and laws particularly in the field of settlement activities, violations of Palestinian human rights and the infringements of religious and civil freedoms.

The International community:

-The high contracting parties to Geneva conventions should "undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the present convention in all circumstances."

-All the states which have diplomatic relations with Israel are called to exploit these relations to pressures the occupation government to end its practices that contravene with the international humanitarian law. This could be done by resorting to various available means to reach the end of Israeli occupation in the Holy City and the entire Palestinian territories which were occupied in 1967.

-The international community should condition signing agreements of cooperation and association with Israel with its respect of international norms, laws in addition to Palestinian rights including the right to self determination on their land.

-All international institutions that are concerned with human rights should maintain the zealous efforts on the level of their governments to push them to expose Israeli occupation violations of Palestinian human rights in additional to hold those responsible for the violations before court.