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Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15

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Violations of Palestinian human rights in Jerusalem in March 2010

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Israeli violations of Palestinian Human Rights in Jerusalem

Monthly Report

March 2010

Prepared by: Research and Documentation Unit

Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic Rights

April 11, 2010


This report monitors Israeli violations of Palestinian social and economic rights in occupied Jerusalem on March 2010. It covers almost the entire Israeli violations through the month which observes systematic escalation of violation of Palestinian population's rights in the Holy City. The violations included: desecration of Palestinian holy sites, violation the right to freedom and free movement. Israeli occupation authorities issued more deportation orders from the Old City, in addition of barring other individuals from having access to al-Aqsa Mosque. They also proceeded with their confiscation of Palestinian lands for the sake of expanding Jewish settlements and enclaves that dotted the city. Meanwhile, attacks by Israeli police and settlers against Palestinians continued. Moreover, the authorities continued to deny the Palestinian right to housing by threatening to demolish more Palestinian homes on the pretext that they were built without obtaining construction licenses.

Summary of the report:

March observed mounting clashes between Palestinian youths and Israeli police and settlers. The clashes resulted in dozens of arrests among the Palestinian youths, while others were issued deportation orders that denied them access to their homes inside the Old City. Meanwhile, some Palestinian guards were denied entry to their work place inside al-Aqsa Mosque.

First: escalated clashes and arrest campaigns:

March of 2010 observed the most violent escalation in the Old City and its suburbs, during which Israeli police resorted to excessive use of force and launched arrest campaign which mainly targeted Palestinian youth and children. Palestinians detainees were subjected to beatings and some were later deported from their place of residency in the city.

Clashes between Palestinian youth and Israeli police was instigate by the mounted Israeli violations against Palestinian holy shrines, namely al-Aqsa Mosque and after Israel authorities inaugurated the so-called Ruin Synagogue in al-Sharaf quarter, about ten meters away from al-Aqsa Mosque.

On March 5, fierce clashes erupted in premises of al-Aqsa Mosque between Palestinian demonstrators and Israeli Police. The clashes followed the peaceful march against Israeli policy towards al-Aqsa Mosque. The police used rubber-coated metal bullets, tear gas canisters and stun bombs to disperse the demonstrators. The police also attacked the worshipers with their batons, leaving 60 injured Palestinian protesters. The clashes erupted when Israeli police stormed premises of the al-Haram al-Sharif and began attacking the worshipers. The police claimed that they were pelted by stones of the protesters.

A spokesperson of Makassed Hospital said that 10 of the victims who were injured with rubber-coated metal bullets were admitted to the hospital. Three other injured were transferred to Saint John Eyes' Hospital due to their injuries in the eyes.

During the day, Israeli police deployed thousands of its members in various parts of the Holy city and outside gates of al-Haram al-Sharif after closing all of its gates except three for entrance of worshippers who are above 50.

The clashes between Palestinian youth and Israeli police extended to neighborhoods of Ras al-Amud, Wadi al-Joz, Palestinian museum and Shu'fat refugee camp.

The clashes lasted for one week and reached its climax after Friday prayers on March 12, 2010 when Israeli authorities converted Jerusalem into a military camp after deploying thousands of its soldiers in various parts of the city. Israeli police arrested some 100 Palestinians.

On Friday also, the police attacked a peaceful march which was organized by Israeli and foreign peace activities in Sheikh Jarrah, hitting four of the participants and arresting five others.

On the other hand, Israeli authorities ordered close three schools locating inside yards of al-Haram al-Sharif. The schools were: al-Aqsa Secondary Boys School, Dar al-Hadith and Riyad al-Aqsa. The closure of the three schools deprived more than 500 pupils from the right to learn.

At Qalandiya checkpoint, nine Palestinian women injured when Israeli soldiers attacked the demonstration which was organized on the occasion of the International Day of Women.

On March 14, Israeli authorities inaugurated the so-called the Ruin Synagogue inside the Old city at a distance of few dozen meters away from al-Aqsa Mosque. The inauguration ceremony instigated protests among Palestinians.

Protests were also reported in the Old City in Bab Huta, al-Sadieh, and its suburbs in Ras al-Amud. Around 90 Palestinian were injured and more than 120 were arrested during the clashes during which the police used rubber bullets, tear gas canisters in addition of resorting to the Must'aribeen force (police unit disguised as Arabs) and police dogs.

According to medic Fadi Obeid, form the Union of Arab Medics, eight of the victims were injured in their eyes and 40 with rubber- coated metal bullets. Rami Othman of Issawiyeh village lost sight in one of his eyes. Moreover, Dr. Salim Awad al-Anani of Shu'fat refugee camp was injured with a stun bomb after it was shot between his legs.

The medics were also prohibited from evacuating a group of victims who were beaten by Israeli soldiers following their raid to the African community in the Old City.

In a press released on March 18, the Society of Arab Medics accused Israeli police of using a new kind of gas during the clashes which took place on March 16 and 17. Rajeh Hawarin, the Society's secretary reported that Israeli police used unfamiliar tear gas to the Palestinians. He added, whoever inhales it, will suffocate, vomit and fall unconscious.

Following night prayers, Israeli police raided al-Aqsa Mosque and evacuated 20 worshippers who were organizing a sit-in. Meanwhile, Israeli police prohibited several guards of al-Aqsa Mosque from entering their work place in addition of banning all of Palestinians under 50 from entering the area.

Clashed renewed between Palestinian youth and Israeli police on March 19 when Israeli police forcibly disbursed a female march which was heading from al-Aqsa to Damascus Gate against the inauguration of the Ruin Synagogue in the Old City.

Some clashes erupted near Herald Gate, Lion Gate and Wadi al-Jouz when Israeli police prohibited Palestinians under 50 from entering the Old City on the way to perform Friday prayers.

In Shu'fat Refugee Camp, Israeli police and Musta'ribeen units arrested 15 Palestinians from inside a building under construction which locate at a distance of 100 meters from the military checkpoint which was erected at the main entrance of the refugee camp. The youth were severely beaten before being arrested.

Next day, Israeli police arrested the Palestinian woman Ibtisam Abu Dayeh, 42, following her scuffle with Israeli soldiers at the military checkpoint at the entrance of the camp.

On March 20, Israeli courts remanded in custody the two guards of al-Aqsa Mosque: Tareq al-Hashlamoun and Jamil al-Abbasi for five days. Al-Hashlamoun was arrested at Hizma military checkpoint and was transferred to the Russian Compound. Israeli police also arrested Amjad Grouf from al-Wad Street and Mahdi al-Dweik of al-Sadiyeh neighborhood, as part of a wide range of arrest campaign.

According to Fakhri Abu Diab, Head of the Committee to Defend Silwan Village, Israeli authorities arrested 70 Palestinians between the age 16 and 18 since the beginning of the year.

On March 12, an Israeli court remanded in custody the Palestinian boy Abdel Rahman Ishaq al-Zaghal, 15, of Ras al-Amud and an 11th grade student in al-Rasheediyeh School, until next April. Al-Zaghal was earlier deported for six months to Tel Aviv to the work place of his elder brother due to his engagement in some clashes which erupted in Silwan last October.

On March 14, Israeli police arrested Muhammad al-Qunbar, 14, after being deliberately run over by Israeli police, while chasing stone throwers in Ras al-Amud. However, instead of providing him with medical treatment, he was severely beaten and arrested. But the police claimed that an Arab taxi driving white Subaru responsible for running over the Palestinian boy.

On his part, Luay Sami Khader al-Rajabi, 14, who was also arrested by Israeli police, reported to JCSER that he was arrested with Amer Zidan, 14, Muhammad Zidani, 11, Ammar Zaytoun, 14, and Jihad Zaytoun 12.

Al-Rajabi added, "The interrogators threatened to beat me if I did not confess that I threw stones at the settlers' house." However, I denied all of the charges and was detained for on whole week. (See his testimony under affidavits' section).

Second: restrictions on the freedom of movement and mass deportation:

Israeli authorities restricted access of Palestinian to the Old City and al-Aqsa Mosque, following the fierce clashes, which erupted in the city and its outskirts, when Israeli authorities prohibited Palestinians under 50 from reaching the Islamic shrine to pray, a fact that was considered a breach to the basic right to religion.

In addition of banning the Palestinians from having access to their religious shrines, Israeli authorities deployed hundreds of police force and Border Guards to prohibit any person residing outside the Old City form entering. The Israeli ban also included the Palestinian students who study in schools of the Old City.

The ban on the Palestinian access to Old City coincided with permitting hundreds of Jews to participate in the celebrations of inaugurating the Synagogue of Ruins, in addition of marking the Jewish feast Passover.

While Israeli police permitted the settlers' cars to have access to the outskirts of the Old City, Palestinians cars where stopped at the police checkpoints and their drivers were ordered to park away from the surroundings of the Old City. As a result, elderly Palestinians were forced to walk hundred of meters.

Meanwhile, Israeli authorities implemented the policy of deporting Palestinians from their homes in the Old City in addition of prohibiting certain persons from having access to al-Aqsa Mosque including its guards. The deportation period ranged between two weeks to six months.

On the first of March, Israeli Magistrate Court ordered the deportation of Mansour Abu Gharbiyeh, 45, of al-Siwaneh neighborhood of Jerusalem for two years, knowing that he is married and a father of four.

On March 17, Israeli court deported 15 Palestinian youths from their homes in the Old City for two weeks. The majority was from the African Quarter. Among the deportees: Muhammad al-Qadi, Ahmad al-Bashiti, Muhammad Arna'out, Ashraf Bashiti, Rami al-Fakhouri, Ahmad Shawish, Thaer Sider, Imad al-Aqra', Oday Taha, Ala' Hamdan, Haitham Jaddeh, Abed Idris, Suleiman Qous, Ali Qalembo and Jihad Sider.

On March 23, Israeli police arrested Dr. Raed Fathi, who is a lecturer in the College of Preaching and Islamic Science in Um al-Fahem. He was deported from Jerusalem for seven days. The authorities also deported two other youths who were accompanying him while filming a TV series near al-Sharaf (Jewish) quarter in the Old City.

Fathi told JCSER, that he was attacked by Israel police and intelligence while filming one episode of the series "A tour in Jerusalem streets," and were taken to the police station where they were seized for several hours before they were released and prohibited from entering Jerusalem for two weeks.

Moreover, the two other youths Mahmoud Abdel Karim Hajajreh and Biala Muhammad Zidan, form inside the green line, were prohibited from entering the Old City for two weeks after being arrested for five hours.

On March 7, Israeli prosecutor issued an order against Hatem Abdel Qader who is in charge of Jerusalem file in Fatah Movement, prohibiting him from entering al-Aqsa Mosque for six months. Israeli authorities also accused him of inciting for violence and attacking members of the Israeli police inside premises of al-Aqsa Mosque.

Israeli escalation coincided with the increase of provocations by Jewish settlers and Israeli right wing against the Islamic mosque, in addition of the continued aggression against Jerusalemites and their properties. On March 9, extremist Jews attacked the elderly woman Rafiqa al-Halabi, 88, of Sheikh Jarrah. She was later transferred to Makassed Hospital for medical treatment, after Israeli police attacked residents in the area while protesting against the visit of Deputy Jerusalem Mayor, David Hadari to their neighborhood.

Israeli police arrested Nasser al-Ghawi, 45, while performing prayers in front of his makeshift house which was erected near his original house, which was taken over by Jewish settlers. Israeli police accused Al-Ghawi of inciting the children in the quarter to throw stones against Jewish settlers. Two hours after his arrest, Israeli police arrested the two Palestinian children Hani Sabbag, 16, and Omar Taha, 16, while they were on their way home.

This is not to mention that by the end of last month, Israeli police handed Majed Hanoun family of Sheikh Jarrah an order to pay NIS 13,000 in costs of his eviction from his home which was taken by Israeli settlers last year. On March 2, an Israeli setter pelted with stones an Arab restaurant in the area, causing the injury of one youth. Some clashes were reported between the settlers and the Palestinian residents.

Meanwhile, extremist settlers set fire in one Palestinian private car in Salah el-Din Street and a tourist bus in Ras al-Amud while it was parked outside the house of its owner. Israeli setters from Nof Zion, which was established on the Mount of Olives, attacked on March 22, the Palestinian child Ibrahim Hassan Zahaykeh, 8, while he was playing with his comrades in a park locating near the settlement.

On March 28, a settlers group naming itself "Israel Land is Ours," launched a media campaign entitled "Let the temple be built quickly in our days." Meanwhile, another extremist settlers group distributed flyers calling the gentiles to leave what they called "The Land of Israel," which they say belongs to the Jewish people only, and the gentiles "are forbidden from residing permanently in it." The call came after the racist statements which were made by Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, the spiritual leader of Shas Movement in which he said: "In Jerusalem live the Jews only. The Wall consecrates the holiness of the area. Nobody shall reside in the area other than the Jews. Christ will appear to ablaze all the goyim at one time and will curse their fathers."

Third: settlements and land confiscation:

March observed an Israeli escalation in confiscating Palestinian properties in occupied Jerusalem, in addition of publishing plans to build thousands of new housing units in the Palestinian territories.

In March, an understanding was announced between Israel's Jerusalem Municipality Nir Barkat, with some members of the Israeli Knesset and advisors from the Yahadut Hatorah Party over the establishment of a religious settlement for religious settlers from Lithuania. At the beginning of the year, planning and construction committees of the Jerusalem Municipality approved a settlement construction project for the settlement organization Ateret Cohanim that includes the construction of 33 housing units in addition of dozen offices near Saint John Hospital in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Jerusalem. The project would be constructed on an area of 3 dunums of lands belonging the Palestinian Sa'adeh, Siyam and Najjar families. The land was leaked from the Israeli Land Registration Authority to Uman settlement organization.

On March 11, news revealed about the plans to build 50,000 new settlement housing units in Palestinian land which was occupied in 1967 in Jerusalem.

According to data published by the Israeli human rights organization Ir Amim, the biggest plans which were in the process of progress approval are locating in Gilo (3000 settlement units), Jabal Abu Ghneim (1500), Bisgat Zeiv (1500) Givat Hamatos (35000), Ramot (1200), Castle of the Higher Commissioner and Armon Hanatsiv (600) and Nevi Ya'qov (400).

On the other hand, on March 19, news was revealed about a plan to built 400 settlement units for religious Jews to be built on 58 dunums of land inside the same settlement. News also revealed about the construction of new 2000 settlement units in Beit Haninah and Shu'fat, in order to expand Ramat Shlomo Settlement. The units will be constructed on area of 590 dunums and will add 1300 units to the south and west of the current settlement. The current construction plan is part of Israel's Jerusalem Municipality Master Plan 2020, which included also east Jerusalem. On March 23, the Municipality announced its approval to built 20 settlement units near Shepherded Hotel in Sheikh Jarrah. It also announced the plan of constructing 200 settlement units on wreckage of 28 Palestinian homes in the same Palestinian neighborhood.

On March 29, the Israeli Peace Now Movement reported the Israeli plans to build dozens of thousands of settlement units inside the Arab neighborhoods in occupied Jerusalem including the Old City, Ras al-Amud, Wadi al-Jouz, Jabal al-Mukaber, Sheikh Jarrah and Mount of Olives. Peace Now said that there are 18 construction plans to build 7097 settlement units for Jews in occupied East Jerusalem, 1450 hotel units in addition to 2337 already approved units.

On March 20, Israeli authorities informed dozens of Palestinian families who reside in north eastern part of Anata to evacuate their area, and handed eight families house demolition orders, in order to pave the way for the construction of the Easter Gate project that includes the construction of 2000 settlement units, a sport center, several hotels and touristic facilities on lands belonging to Anata and Issawiyeh.

Meanwhile, Israeli authorities barred on March 28, residents of Issawiyeh from entering their lands which situated in the eastern part of the town and ordered them to head to courts to obtain permits to enter their lands.

On the other hand, Israeli Supreme Court turned down the appeal which was presented by the Bedouin tribe of Arab al-Jahalin to rescind a previous decision to demolish the school of their children.

Fourth: conclusions

1. The month observed an escalation in Israeli violation and desecration of Muslims and Christians religious shrines, in addition of abusing religious and civic rights.

2. It observes a wide scale of imposition of deportation from places of residency, prohibition from entering the Old City and al-Aqsa mosque particularly, against people who are under 50, in addition of expanding the reliance to arrests of minors.

3. March observed also the confiscation of more Palestinian lands in occupied East Jerusalem and the announcement of bids to construct settlement units on Palestinian lands.

4. The month observed an increase in the level of attacks on racist grounds, in addition of an increase in the police violence and oppression against Palestinian peaceful demonstrators. Meanwhile, the police expressed lenience with offenses that were conducted by extremist right wing settlers.

Fifth: Recommendations

As long as the applicable law in the oPt consists of the following:

- United Nations Charter,

- General Assembly resolution 2625 (XXV) - Illegality of any territorial acquisition resulting from the threat or use of force,

- Right of peoples to self-determination,

- International humanitarian law,

- Regulations annexed to the Fourth Hague Convention of 1907,

- Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 - Applicability of Fourth Geneva Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory,

- Human rights Law,

- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,

- Convention on the Rights of the Child,

- Relationship between international humanitarian law and human rights law,

- Applicability of human rights instruments outside national territory,

- Applicability of those instruments in the Occupied Palestinian Territory,

JCSER calls upon:

The government of Israel:

- To put an end for its breaches to international human law and the Palestinian people rights to life, housing and gathering.

-To halt its settlement activities, appropriation of Palestinian land and the policy of demolishing Palestinian houses.

-To halt the breaches of the Palestinian right to religion, the desecration of Palestinian holy shrines and enable the Palestinians to enjoy the free access to their religious shrines. Also, it should immediately halt its excavation near and under al-Haram al-Sharif.

-To end the systematic policy of arrest and deportation against the Palestinian population in occupied Jerusalem.

-To put and end to settler attacks against Palestinians in occupied Jerusalem.

-To end the policy of targeting Palestinian religious and political figures with interrogation, arrest and deportation from Jerusalem.

Palestinian Authority:

-To maintain its respected efforts to enable the Palestinian people to exercise they self-determination, emancipate from the yoke of occupation and to establish the independent Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.

-To continue with its diplomatic efforts on the international level to pressure the occupation to halt its practices and polices that breach the international law in Jerusalem in general against religious shrines in particular.

-To condition the return to the negotiation with halting the Israeli settlement activities, violations of Palestinian human rights and the infringements of religious and civil freedoms.

The International community:

-The high contracting parties to Geneva conventions should "undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the present convention in all circumstances."

-All the states which have diplomatic relations with Israel are called to exploit these relations to pressures the occupation government to end its practices that contravene with the international humanitarian law. This could be done by resorting to various available means to reach the end of Israeli occupation in the Holy City and the entire Palestinian territories which were occupied in 1967.

-The international community should condition signing agreements of cooperation and association with Israel with its respect of international norms, laws in addition to Palestinian rights including the right to self determination on their land.

-All international institutions that are concerned with human rights should maintain the zealous efforts on the level of their governments to push them to expose Israeli occupation violations of Palestinian human rights in additional to hold those responsible for the violations before court.